A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Town of Ashford, New York
Census Data for Ashford ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2018 and it gave Ashford a population of 2,046 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Ashford a population of 2,132 people.
The community of Ashford is located in Cattaraugus County. The 2010 Census gave Cattaraugus County a population of 80,317 people. This means that Ashford had 2.65% of the county's total population, making it Cattaraugus' 13th most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a community like Ashford, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the community.
Things like the population, area and housing for Ashford reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Ashford might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Ashford has a total area of 51.9 square miles [134.4 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.16 square miles [0.4 km²]).
Cattaraugus County has a land area of 1,308 square miles [3,388.6 km²]. At 51.7 square miles [134 km²], Ashford has 3.95% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 42° 26' 25" (or 42.44°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (2,132 people) and land area (51.7 square miles [134 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Ashford had a population density of 41.08 people per square mile [15.86 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Ashford had a population of 2,223 people and a land area of 51.3 square miles [132.9 km²]. This gives a population density of 43.28 people per square mile [16.71 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Ashford. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an incorrect comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Ashford had 1,044 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 2,132 people, this averages 2.04 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Ashford had a land area of 51.7 square miles [134 km²]. This translates to 20.12 Housing Units per square mile [7.77 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Ashford had 1,023 Housing Units, a population of 2,223 people and a land area of 51.3 square miles [132.9 km²]. This gives a density of 2.17 people per Housing Unit and 19.92 Housing Units per square mile [7.69 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Ashford and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Cattaraugus County ...
The community of Ashford is located in Cattaraugus County.
The county had a population of 80,317 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 2,132 people, Ashford represented 2.65% of the county's total.
In addition, where the community of Ashford has a population density of 41.08 people per square mile [15.86 people/km²], Cattaraugus County averages 61.4 people per square mile [23.7 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Cattaraugus County.
Population Rings for Ashford ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Ashford and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Ashford. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Ashford, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Ashford. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 1.06% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Ashford was 51.9 square miles [134.4 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 51.4 square miles [133 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Ashford, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Ashford.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 42.440413° (or 42°26'25" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 42.446521° (or 42°26'47" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 2,809 feet to the southeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#978690) to Ashford. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Ashford. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 42.440063° (or 42°26'24" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 581 feet to the west<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Ashford. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Ashford.
Miscellaneous Information for Ashford ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Cattaraugus County or the community of Ashford:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Ashford:
GNIS ID for Ashford: 978690
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 36 (New York)
County Code: 009 (Cattaraugus County)
Place Code: 02759 (Ashford)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Ashford is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #2 (the Middle Atlantic Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Ashford.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Ashford. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for Cattaraugus County: www.co.cattaraugus.ny.us/
The official website for State of New York: https://www.ny.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 26 Jan 2020