A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Carmel, West Virginia

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The location of Carmel

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(GPS coordinates provided by the GNIS)
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About Carmel
Carmel is located in Preston County (West Virginia).

Our Pages for Carmel ...

-profile   General information about Carmel
-nearby   What's in the neighborhood around Carmel
-bycounty   Nearest communities to Carmel (By-County)
-census   Census information for Carmel
-tidbits   Tidbits and trivia about Carmel
-genealogy   Our Genealogy Helper for Carmel
-cemeteries   Cemeteries in the area of Carmel
-localpapers   Newspapers published in the immediate area of Carmel
-newspapers   Newspapers published in a broader area around Carmel
-summary   Summarized information
-map   Interactive map centered on Carmel
-tripmap   TripAdvisor Tourism pages
-misc   Miscellaneous information
-wishlist   Things we would like to know about Carmel
-glossary   This page...

Glossary and Definitions ...

Area Code Overlay
An Overlay refers to the situation in which two (or more) area codes (eg- 304, 681) serve the same geographic area. In the case of Carmel, area code (681) is the Overlay for area code (304).

The Overlay is necessary when the geographic area requires (or planners expect to need) more phone numbers than can be provided by a single area code.

When an Overlay is present, 10-digit dialing becomes necessary even for local calls. There are different types of Overlays, with each of the different Overlays having its own characteristics and dialing requirements.

If you would like to learn more about Overlays, we suggest the Wikipedia entry for Overlays.
A demonym is the name for a resident of a community which is usually derived from (or is related to) the name of that community. In other words, it's how residents of Carmel refer to themselves. It's important to note that there aren't any rules for taking a community's name and turning it into a demonym. A demonym is informal and while the majority of Carmel may use one name, keep in mind that others may use something different.

A demonym for Carmel is Carmelite.

For example: My brother had to move because of his job, yet he still thinks of himself as a Carmelite.
FIPS Codes
In the past, the federal government created a set of codes that are used to uniquely identify States, Counties and Populated Places (such as a community like Carmel). These codes form the Federal Information Processing Standard. (specifically FIPS Document 55-3).

The State Code consists of two digits, the County Code consists of three digits and the Place Code consists of five digits. The County and Place Codes must be used together with the State Code to be truly unique.

For example, the following codes apply to the community of Carmel:

- State Code:  54 (West Virginia)

- State / County Code:  54 / 077 (Preston County)

- State / Place Code:  54 / 13430

The FIPS Codes have been replaced by an ANSI standard and the GNIS Feature ID. Although obsolete, the FIPS Codes are still in use by some organizations.

For more information about the FIPS Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Carmel.
GNIS Codes
The function of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) is to establish uniform names for geographic features (eg- communities, mountains, lakes, rivers, streams, etc). The BGN was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. BGN–accepted names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), which is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identifier has been assigned for each feature in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive.

Carmel has been given the GNIS Feature ID of '1556730'. Click here to see the GNIS Record for Carmel.