As we travel, we always see a community with a name that gives pause. While there are names which are interesting or familiar, some catch our attention or strike our fancy. We always wonder about such a name. If time permits and the community is not too far, we'll usually try to make a side-trip.
We spend a lot of time looking through Gazetteers, Almanacs & Directories that were published in the late 1800's and early 1900's. Many of the Gazetteers include the distance from a community such as Coalburn to various places of note, such as Parliament Hill.
With a nod to our favorite Gazetteers, the straight-line distance beginning in Coalburn and extending to:
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The National Capital at Parliament Hill (Ottawa, ON) is 633 miles [1,018.7 km]<1> to the west (W). If you could drive a straight line from Coalburn to Parliament Hill, with an average speed<4>of 63 miles [101.4 km] per hour, it would take just over a day to make the trip. A comfortable walk of 2.2 miles [3.5 km] per hour would take 36 days. A horse and buggy averaging 3.2 miles [5.1 km] per hour would take 25 days.
The shortest distance<5> to Jerusalem (specifically the Temple Mount and the Dome of the Rock) is 5,029 miles [8,093.4 km] and it lies to the east northeast (ENE).<6>
The distance to the Great Mosque of Mecca (specifically the Ka'bah - or Kaaba ) is 5,735 miles [9,229.6 km] and it lies to the east northeast (ENE).<7>
The distance to Saint Peter's Basilica (The Vatican) is 3,612 miles [5,813 km] and it lies to the east northeast (ENE).<8>
Our distances are not driving distances, but are calculated as a 'straight-line' distance. A straight line distance ignores obstructions like rivers, canyons, lakes, et cetera - it's truly a line drawn from Point A (ie- Coalburn) to Point B.
Our distance measurements begin at a specific point in Coalburn. The point we use is located at these GPS coordinates - Latitude: 45.5664, Longitude: -62.5914
If we have found a location and have questions about the accuracy of our information, we will simply say that the marker is 'in the vicinity'. We are not confident about the location and the position of our marker is only a rough guide. If we have too many doubts about the location, we will not include it in our database.
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While we have tried to pick reasonable speeds, the rate of travel is very theoretical - obstacles like fences, hills, lakes, river crossings and rest stops have been ignored. When we say 'Days' of travel, we're assuming 8 hours of travel per day.
The shortest line can be visualized by stretching a string on a Globe from Point A to Point B - this is known as a Great Circle Route. Where you might expect the shortest route from Coalburn to the Middle East to be East and South, the Great Circle Route actually lies to the North and East.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to Jerusalem is 298.188 degrees.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to Mecca is 293.677 degrees.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to the Vatican is 294.678 degrees.