A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Salem, Alabama
(Limestone County)

Nearby Census Genealogy
Cemeteries Tidbits &
Other AL

The location of Salem

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(GPS coordinates provided by the GNIS)
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and the surrounding area.
About Salem
Salem is located in Limestone County (Alabama).

Our Pages for Salem ...

-profile   General information about Salem
-nearby   What's in the neighborhood around Salem
-bycounty   Nearest communities to Salem (By-County)
-census   Census information for Salem
-tidbits   Tidbits and trivia about Salem
-genealogy   Our Genealogy Helper for Salem
-cemeteries   Cemeteries in the area of Salem
-localpapers   Newspapers published in the immediate area of Salem
-newspapers   Newspapers published in a broader area around Salem
-summary   Summarized information
-map   Interactive map centered on Salem
-tripmap   TripAdvisor Tourism pages
-misc   Miscellaneous information
-wishlist   Things we would like to know about Salem
-glossary   This page...

Glossary and Definitions ...

Area Code Overlay
An Overlay refers to the situation in which two (or more) area codes (eg- 256, 938) serve the same geographic area. In the case of Salem, area code (938) is the Overlay for area code (256).

The Overlay is necessary when the geographic area requires (or in the future will need) more phone numbers than can be provided by a single area code.

When an Overlay is present, 10-digit dialing becomes necessary for all calls, even if local. There are different types of Overlays, with each type having its own characteristics and dialing requirements.

If you would like to learn more about Overlays, we suggest the Wikipedia entry for Overlays.
A demonym is the name for a resident of a community which is usually derived from (or is related to) the name of that community. In other words, it's how residents of Salem refer to themselves. It's important to note that there aren't any rules for taking a community's name and turning it into a demonym. A demonym is informal and while the majority of Salem may use one name, keep in mind that others may use something different.

A demonym for Salem is Salemite.

For example: My uncle has moved to the other side of the state, yet he still thinks of himself as a Salemite.
FIPS Codes
In the past, the federal government created a set of codes that are used to uniquely identify States, Counties and Populated Places (such as a community like Salem). These codes form the Federal Information Processing Standard. (specifically FIPS Document 55-3).

The State Code consists of two digits, the County Code consists of three digits and the Place Code consists of five digits. The County and Place Codes must be used together with the State Code to be truly unique.

For example, the following codes apply to the community of Salem:

- State Code:  01 (Alabama)

- State / County Code:  01 / 083 (Limestone County)

- State / Place Code:  01 / 67680

The FIPS Codes have been replaced by an ANSI standard and the GNIS Feature ID. Although obsolete, the FIPS Codes are still in use by some organizations.

For more information about the FIPS Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Salem.
GNIS Codes
The function of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) is to establish uniform names for geographic features (eg- communities, mountains, lakes, rivers, streams, etc). The BGN was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. BGN–accepted names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), which is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identifier has been assigned for each feature in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive.

Salem has been given the GNIS Feature ID of '126234'. Click here to see the GNIS Record for Salem.