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Town of Chesterfield, New York

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The location of Town of Chesterfield

Census Data for Chesterfield ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Chesterfield a population of 2,385 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Chesterfield a population of 2,445 people.

The community of Chesterfield is located in Essex County. The 2010 Census gave Essex County a population of 39,370 people. This means that Chesterfield had 6.21% of the county's total population, making it Essex's 6th most populous community.

At the same time, New York had a population of 19,378,102 people, meaning that Chesterfield had 0.01% of the total population of New York - making it the state's 803rd most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a community like Chesterfield, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the community.

Things like the population, area and housing for Chesterfield reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Chesterfield might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Chesterfield has a total area of 105.4 square miles [272.9 km²]. Of this total, 79 square miles [204.7 km²] is land, with the balance (24.99%) being water (26.34 square miles [68.2 km²]).

Essex County has a land area of 1,794 square miles [4,647 km²]. At 79 square miles [204.7 km²], Chesterfield has 4.41% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   44° 27' 12"   (or 44.45°)             [Map]

Lon:   -73° 26' 55"   (or -73.45°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (2,445 people) and land area (79 square miles [204.7 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Chesterfield had a population density of 23.2 people per square mile [8.96 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Chesterfield had a population of 2,409 people and a land area of 78.8 square miles [204.2 km²]. This gives a population density of 22.89 people per square mile [8.84 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Chesterfield. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a misleading comparison. More information about the changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Chesterfield had 1,443 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 2,445 people, this averages 1.69 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Chesterfield had a land area of 79 square miles [204.7 km²]. This translates to 13.69 Housing Units per square mile [5.29 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Chesterfield had 1,374 Housing Units, a population of 2,409 people and a land area of 78.8 square miles [204.2 km²]. This gives a density of 1.75 people per Housing Unit and 13.06 Housing Units per square mile [5.04 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Chesterfield and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Essex County ...

The Town of Chesterfield is located in Essex County.

The county had a population of 39,370 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 2,445 people, Chesterfield represented 6.21% of the county's total.

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Essex County.

Population Rings for Chesterfield ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Chesterfield and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Chesterfield. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]25,451-2.5%
10 mi   [16 km]414,424-1.3%
15 mi   [24 km]16124,474+1.17%
20 mi   [32 km]28200,410+2.01%
25 mi   [40 km]41262,664+2.28%
30 mi   [48 km]61316,820+1.84%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Chesterfield, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Chesterfield. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Chesterfield was 105.4 square miles [272.9 km²]. Of this total, 79 square miles [204.7 km²] is land, with the balance (24.99%) being water (26.34 square miles [68.2 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 105.2 square miles [272.6 km²]. Of this total, 78.8 square miles [204.2 km²] is land, with the balance (25.05%) being water (26.4 square miles [68.4 km²]).

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Chesterfield, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Chesterfield.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   44.453432°   (or 44°27'12" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -73.448719°   (or -73°26'55" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   44.470221°   (or 44°28'12" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -73.477879°   (or -73°28'40" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 9,748 feet to the southeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#978824) to Chesterfield. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Chesterfield. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   44.459215°   (or 44°27'33" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -73.484579°   (or -73°29'4" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 9,567 feet to the east<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Chesterfield. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Chesterfield.

Miscellaneous Information for Chesterfield ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Essex County or the community of Chesterfield:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Chesterfield:

GNIS ID for Chesterfield: 978824

GNIS ID for Essex County: 974114

GNIS ID for New York: 1779796

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 36 (New York)

County Code: 031 (Essex County)

Place Code: 15330 (Chesterfield)

State & County Code: 36/031 (New York / Essex County)

State & Place Code: 36/15330 (New York / Chesterfield)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Chesterfield is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #2 (the Middle Atlantic Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Chesterfield.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Visit our Community Index for New York

About Essex County

About New York

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Chesterfield. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Essex County:

The official website for State of New York:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2017.

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<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

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<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 231 degrees and a distance of 9,748 feet.

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<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 257 degrees and a distance of 9,567 feet.

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This page was last modified: 19 Jan 2019