Town of Waterford, Wisconsin
Census Data for Waterford ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2016 and it gives Waterford a population of 6,449 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Waterford a population of 6,344 people.
The community of Waterford is located in Racine County. The 2010 Census gave Racine County a population of 195,408 people. This means that Waterford had 3.25% of the county's total population, making it Racine's 8th most populous community.
At the same time, Wisconsin had a population of 5,686,986 people, meaning that Waterford had 0.11% of the total population of Wisconsin - making it the state's 150th most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a community like Waterford, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the community.
Things like the population, area and housing for Waterford reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Waterford might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.
The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Waterford has a total area of 33.47 square miles [86.7 km²]. Of this total, 31.32 square miles [81.1 km²] is land, with the balance (6.43%) being water (2.15 square miles [5.6 km²]).
Racine County has a land area of 332.5 square miles [861.2 km²]. At 31.32 square miles [81.1 km²], Waterford has 9.42% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 42° 47' 39" (or 42.79°) [Map]
Lon: -88° 15' 1" (or -88.25°)
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (6,344 people) and land area (31.32 square miles [81.1 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Waterford had a population density of 189.5 people per square mile [73.2 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Waterford had a population of 5,938 people and a land area of 31.54 square miles [81.7 km²]. This gives a population density of 177.3 people per square mile [68.5 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Waterford. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an incorrect comparison. More information about the nature of these changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Waterford had 2,555 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 6,344 people, this averages 2.48 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Waterford had a land area of 31.32 square miles [81.1 km²]. This translates to 76.3 Housing Units per square mile [29.47 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Waterford had 2,263 Housing Units, a population of 5,938 people and a land area of 31.54 square miles [81.7 km²]. This gives a density of 2.62 people per Housing Unit and 67.6 Housing Units per square mile [26.09 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Waterford and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Racine County ...
The community of Waterford is located in Racine County.
The county had a population of 195,408 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 6,344 people, Waterford represented 3.25% of the county's total.
In addition, where the community of Waterford has a population density of 189.5 people per square mile [73.2 people/km²], Racine County averages 587 people per square mile [226.9 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Racine County.
Population Rings for Waterford ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Waterford and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Waterford. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
| Radius ||No of|
|5 mi [8 km]||4||19,708||+1.51%|
|10 mi [16 km]||15||105,343||+2.09%|
|15 mi [24 km]||32||322,802||+1.51%|
|20 mi [32 km]||66||677,938||-0.45%|
|25 mi [40 km]||107||1,731,258||---|
|30 mi [48 km]||138||1,945,779||+0.1%|
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Waterford, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Waterford. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.
If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Waterford was 33.47 square miles [86.7 km²]. Of this total, 31.32 square miles [81.1 km²] is land, with the balance (6.43%) being water (2.15 square miles [5.6 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 33.49 square miles [86.7 km²]. Of this total, 31.54 square miles [81.7 km²] is land, with the balance (5.83%) being water (1.95 square miles [5.1 km²]).
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Waterford, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Waterford.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 42.794321° (or 42°47'39" N) [Map]
Lon: -88.250387° (or -88°15'1" W)
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 42.799807° (or 42°47'59" N) [Map]
Lon: -88.235867° (or -88°14'9" W)
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 4,369 feet to the southwest<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1584361) to Waterford. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Waterford. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 42.790571° (or 42°47'26" N) [Map]
Lon: -88.245369° (or -88°14'43" W)
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 1,916 feet to the northwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Waterford. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Waterford.
Miscellaneous Information for Waterford ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Racine County or the community of Waterford:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Waterford:
GNIS ID for Waterford: 1584361
GNIS ID for Racine County: 1581111
GNIS ID for Wisconsin: 1779806
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 55 (Wisconsin)
County Code: 101 (Racine County)
Place Code: 83850 (Waterford)
State & County Code: 55/101 (Wisconsin / Racine County)
State & Place Code: 55/83850 (Wisconsin / Waterford)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Waterford is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #3 (the East North-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Waterford.
|<1>||Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2016.|
- Return to Citation
|<2>||Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.|
- Return to Citation
|<3>||A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).|
- Return to Citation
|<4>||The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.|
- Return to Citation
|<5>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 117 degrees and a distance of 4,369 feet.|
- Return to Citation
|<6>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 44 degrees and a distance of 1,916 feet.|
- Return to Citation
For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Waterford.