A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Columbia, South Carolina

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Welcome to Columbia ...

The city of Columbia is primarily located in Richland County<1>. It is the County Seat and the capital of South Carolina. A portion of Columbia extends into Lexington County.

From the  Census Estimates for 2019, Columbia has a population of 132,165 people<2> (see below for details).

Columbia was established in 1787.

The community of Columbia is 260 feet [79 m] above sea level.<3>.

Time Zone: Columbia lies in the Eastern Time Zone (EST/EDT) and observes daylight saving time

Columbia is within the (803) area code.

The ZIP codes for Columbia: 29201-29212, 29214-29230, 29240<4>

Websites for Columbia ...

Official Website:

Chamber of Commerce:

Junior League:

Population Details ...

Taken from the 2019 Census Estimates, Columbia had an population of 132,165 people. This is an increase of 2.24% since the 2010 Census (or an increase of 13.66% since the 2000 Census).

At the time of the 2010 Census, Columbia had a population of 129,272 people (or 33.62% of the total population of Richland County). This makes Columbia the county's most populous community.

The population of Columbia represents 2.79% of the population of South Carolina (which has 4,625,364 people), making it the state's most populous community.

With a 2010 count of 129,272 people, the population of Columbia increased 11.17% from the 2000 Census (with a count of 116,278 people).

More information can be found on the Census Page for Columbia.

Communities Also Named Columbia ...

Using our Gazetteer, we have found that there are 49 communities that are also named Columbia - they are located in Alabama (2), Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas (3), Kentucky, Louisiana (2), Maine, Maryland, Michigan (2), Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri (2), Nevada (3), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio (6), Oklahoma, Pennsylvania (2), South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Washington (2), West Virginia and Wisconsin.

For more information, see our Tidbits & Trivia Page for Columbia.

Communities near Columbia ...

We have created a list of 10 communities that are near Columbia.

  • Lexington [Lexington County]
    • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Lexington
    • Lexington [Lexington County] lies 11 miles [17.7 km]<5> to the west of Columbia
    • Population from the 2020 Census: 22,716 people
    • Jump to Google Maps centered on Lexington
    • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Lexington<6>
  • Irmo [Lexington County]
    • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Irmo
    • Irmo [Lexington County] lies 10 miles [16.1 km]<5> to the northwest of Columbia
    • Population from the 2020 Census: 12,734 people
    • Jump to Google Maps centered on Irmo
    • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Irmo<6>
  • Blythewood [Richland County]
    • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Blythewood
    • Blythewood [Richland County] lies 15 miles [24.1 km]<5> to the north of Columbia
    • Population from the 2020 Census: 4,531 people
    • Jump to Google Maps centered on Blythewood
    • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Blythewood<6>
  • South Congaree [Lexington County]
    • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for South Congaree
    • South Congaree [Lexington County] lies 8 miles [12.9 km]<5> to the southwest of Columbia
    • Population from the 2020 Census: 2,485 people
    • Note: The GPS coordinates that we are using for South Congaree have been provided by the GNIS.<7> The coordinates still need to be verified.
    • Jump to Google Maps centered on South Congaree
  • Continue List   (6 more) ...
    • Pineridge [Lexington County]
      • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Pineridge
      • Pineridge [Lexington County] lies 7 miles [11.3 km]<5> to the southwest of Columbia
      • Population from the 2020 Census: 2,419 people
      • Jump to Google Maps centered on Pineridge
    • Gaston [Lexington County]
      • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Gaston
      • Gaston [Lexington County] lies 13 miles [20.9 km]<5> to the south of Columbia
      • Population from the 2020 Census: 1,712 people
      • Jump to Google Maps centered on Gaston
      • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Gaston<6>
    • Elgin [Kershaw County]
      • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Elgin
      • Elgin [Kershaw County] lies 18 miles [29 km]<5> to the northeast of Columbia
      • Population from the 2020 Census: 1,585 people
      • Jump to Google Maps centered on Elgin
      • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Elgin<6>
    • Swansea [Lexington County]
      • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Swansea
      • Swansea [Lexington County] lies 18 miles [29 km]<5> to the south of Columbia
      • Population from the 2020 Census: 986 people
      • Jump to Google Maps centered on Swansea
      • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Swansea<6>
    • Belmont [Richland County]
    • Ravenwood [Richland County]
      • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Ravenwood
      • Ravenwood [Richland County] lies 4 miles [6.4 km]<5> to the northeast of Columbia
      • Jump to Google Maps centered on Ravenwood

To Help With Your Genealogy Research ...

We have a couple of sections for those tracing their genealogy.

We created a list of cemeteries that are in the area around Columbia. Our list includes the location of those cemeteries and we provide an overhead view. See our Cemetery List for Columbia.

Using the information from an 1895 Atlas, we've created a list of communities that were in the area of Columbia. Our list includes information such as whether the 1895 community had a post office or railroad service. See our List of 1890's Communities around Columbia.

We also have a detailed list of newspapers that have been published in the area around Columbia. Our list includes 168 papers. See our Newspapers Page for Columbia.

TripAdvisor Tourism Pages for Columbia ...

Looking for more information about Columbia? A wonderful source is the TripAdvisor website. We always start with the TripAdvisor Tourism page, where you can read an overview with links that will help you find lodging, restaurants and attractions.

In addition to the Tourism page for Columbia, there are neighboring communities that also have Tourism pages. More information about those communities can be found on our TripAdvisor Page for Columbia.

Adding Columbia to Our Gazetteer ...

We originally found mention of Columbia in both the FIPS-55 and the GNIS. For more information, see the FIPS and GNIS Codes sections on our Miscellaneous Page.

In addition, our notes show that the earliest dated mention that we've found for Columbia was in the Business Atlas and Shippers' Guide (1895).

We also found Columbia on a map titled Rand McNally Map of South Carolina (1911).

For more details about the above, see References and Mentions for Columbia on our Genealogy Page.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Communities in South Carolina

About Richland County

About South Carolina

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Columbia:

The official website for Richland County:

The official website for State of South Carolina:

Footnotes ...

<1>If you're interested in how the shape of South Carolina's counties, including Richland, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<2>Population counts have been provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. For more detail, please visit our Census Page for Columbia.
<3>The elevation is an estimate for the area around Columbia - it will be higher in some places and lower in others.
<4>ZIP Codes have been created by the United States Postal Service (USPS) as a way of grouping addresses to make delivery more efficient. The boundaries of the ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned, eliminated or overlapped with other ZIP Codes. So keep in mind that any given ZIP Code is only 'loosely' associated with a city (such as Columbia). When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Columbia or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

Our list of ZIP Codes for Columbia includes: 29201, 29202, 29203, 29204, 29205, 29206, 29207, 29208, 29209, 29210, 29211, 29214, 29215, 29216, 29217, 29218, 29219, 29220, 29221, 29222, 29223, 29224, 29225, 29226, 29227, 29228, 29229 & 29230.
<5>Our distances are not driving distances, but are calculated as a 'straight-line' (or point-to-point) distance. A straight line distance ignores obstructions like rivers, canyons, lakes, et cetera - it's truly a line drawn from Point A (ie- Columbia) to Point B.If you need the driving distance (or directions), we recommend that you use one of the Mapping Services listed on our Map Page for Columbia. Since we usually use Google Maps for our own planning, we've provided the following link for your convenience: Google Map and Driving Directions starting from ColumbiaOur distance measurements begin at a specific point in Columbia. The point we use is located at these GPS coordinates - Latitude: 34.0006, Longitude: -81.0353    
<6>While we're fans and frequent users of TripAdvisor, you should know that we're also members of the TripAdvisor affiliate program.
<7>The location has been supplied by the Geographic Names Information System - which is maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). While these values should be definitive, we have found that accuracy can vary and you should double-check the location if accuracy is required.






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This page was last modified: 18 Apr 2022