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Town of Murray, New York

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Census Data for Murray ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Murray a population of 4,665 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Murray a population of 4,988 people.

The community of Murray is located in Orleans County. The 2010 Census gave Orleans County; a population of 42,883 people. This means that Murray had 11.63% of the county's total population, making it Orleans' 6th most populous community.

At the same time, New York had a population of 19,378,102 people, meaning that Murray had 0.03% of the total population of New York - making it the state's 479th most populous community.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Murray has a total area of 31.1 square miles [80.5 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.04 square miles [0.1 km²]).

Orleans County has a land area of 391.3 square miles [1,013.4 km²]. At 31.06 square miles [80.4 km²], Murray has 7.94% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a community like Murray, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the community.
    • Things like population, area and housing for Murray reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Murray might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   43° 15' 30"   (or 43.26°)
    • Lon:   -78° 3' 25"   (or -78.06°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Murray had 2,198 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 4,988 people, this averages 2.27 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows Murray had a land area of 31.06 square miles [80.4 km²]. This translates to 70.7 Housing Units per square mile [27.29 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: Murray had 2,014 Housing Units, a population of 6,259 people and a land area of 31.04 square miles [80.4 km²]. This gives a density of 3.11 people per Housing Unit and 64.8 Housing Units per square mile [25 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Murray and you need to be careful when comparing numbers between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Orleans County ...

The community of Murray is located in Orleans County<4>.

The county had a population of 42,883 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 4,988 people, Murray represented 11.63% of the county's total.

In addition, where the community of Murray has a population density of 160.4 people per square mile [61.9 people/km²], Orleans County averages 109.6 people per square mile [42.32 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Orleans County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Murray, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Murray. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Murray or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Murray, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Murray.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   43.258470°   (or 43°15'30" N)
    • Lon:   -78.057139°   (or -78°3'25" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   43.249585°   (or 43°14'58" N)
    • Lon:   -78.058098°   (or -78°3'29" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 3,249 feet to the north<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#979246) to Murray. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Murray. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   43.249504°   (or 43°14'58" N)
    • Lon:   -78.058073°   (or -78°3'29" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 3,278 feet to the north<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Murray. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Murray.

Miscellaneous Information for Murray ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Orleans County or the community of Murray:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Murray:
    • GNIS ID for Murray: 979246
    • GNIS ID for Orleans County: 974135
    • GNIS ID for State of New York: 1779796
  • The FIPS Codes ...
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • Murray is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #2 (the Middle Atlantic Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Murray.

Mentions & References for Murray

The Communities of New York

About Orleans County

About New York

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Murray. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Orleans County: www.orleansny.com/

The official website for State of New York: https://www.ny.gov/

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>If you're interested in how the shape of New York's counties, including Orleans, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 355 degrees and a distance of 3,249 feet.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 355 degrees and a distance of 3,278 feet.




 

 

 

 

 


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This page was last modified: 15 Aug 2022