Census Data for Waupaca ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gives Waupaca a population of 5,886 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Waupaca a population of 6,069 people.
The city of Waupaca is located in Waupaca County. The 2010 Census gave Waupaca County a population of 52,410 people. This means that Waupaca had 11.58% of the county's total population, making it Waupaca's 2nd most populous community.
At the same time, Wisconsin had a population of 5,686,986 people, meaning that Waupaca had 0.11% of the total population of Wisconsin - making it the state's 156th most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Waupaca, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
Things like the population, area and housing for Waupaca reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Waupaca might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.
The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Waupaca has a total area of 8.11 square miles [21 km²]. Of this total, 7.82 square miles [20.3 km²] is land, with the balance (3.61%) being water (0.29 square miles [0.8 km²]).
Waupaca County has a land area of 747 square miles [1,936.6 km²]. At 7.82 square miles [20.3 km²], Waupaca has 1.05% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 44° 21' 0" (or 44.35°) [Map]
Lon: -89° 4' 12" (or -89.07°)
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (6,069 people) and land area (7.82 square miles [20.3 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Waupaca had a population density of 748 people per square mile [288.8 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Waupaca had a population of 5,676 people and a land area of 5.99 square miles [15.5 km²]. This gives a population density of 925 people per square mile [357.5 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Waupaca. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about the changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Waupaca had 2,996 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 6,069 people, this averages 2.03 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Waupaca had a land area of 7.82 square miles [20.3 km²]. This translates to 369.3 Housing Units per square mile [142.6 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Waupaca had 2,543 Housing Units, a population of 5,676 people and a land area of 5.99 square miles [15.5 km²]. This gives a density of 2.23 people per Housing Unit and 414.8 Housing Units per square mile [160.2 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Waupaca and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Waupaca County ...
The community of Waupaca is located in Waupaca County and is the County Seat for Waupaca County.
The county had a population of 52,410 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 6,069 people, Waupaca represented 11.58% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Waupaca has a population density of 748 people per square mile [288.8 people/km²], Waupaca County averages 70.1 people per square mile [27.06 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Waupaca County.
Population Rings for Waupaca ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Waupaca and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Waupaca. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
| Radius ||No of|
|5 mi [8 km]||4||12,580||-1.68%|
|10 mi [16 km]||17||27,855||-1.89%|
|15 mi [24 km]||34||45,458||-1.29%|
|20 mi [32 km]||56||74,489||-0.7%|
|25 mi [40 km]||87||140,086||+1.43%|
|30 mi [48 km]||115||204,165||+0.92%|
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Waupaca, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Waupaca. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.
If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 32.33% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Waupaca was 8.11 square miles [21 km²]. Of this total, 7.82 square miles [20.3 km²] is land, with the balance (3.61%) being water (0.29 square miles [0.8 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 6.13 square miles [15.9 km²]. Of this total, 5.99 square miles [15.5 km²] is land, with the balance (1.69%) being water (0.14 square miles [0.4 km²]).
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Waupaca, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Waupaca.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 44.350048° (or 44°21'0" N) [Map]
Lon: -89.070003° (or -89°4'12" W)
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 44.354922° (or 44°21'17" N) [Map]
Lon: -89.081775° (or -89°4'54" W)
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 3,546 feet to the southeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1584375) to Waupaca. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Waupaca. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 44.354702° (or 44°21'16" N) [Map]
Lon: -89.075669° (or -89°4'32" W)
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 2,249 feet to the southeast<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Waupaca. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Waupaca.
Miscellaneous Information for Waupaca ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Waupaca County or the city of Waupaca:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Waupaca:
GNIS ID for Waupaca: 1584375
GNIS ID for Waupaca County: 1581127
GNIS ID for Wisconsin: 1779806
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 55 (Wisconsin)
County Code: 135 (Waupaca County)
Place Code: 84375 (Waupaca)
State & County Code: 55/135 (Wisconsin / Waupaca County)
State & Place Code: 55/84375 (Wisconsin / Waupaca)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Waupaca is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #3 (the East North-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Waupaca.
|<1>||Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2017.|
- Return to Citation
|<2>||Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.|
- Return to Citation
|<3>||A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).|
- Return to Citation
|<4>||The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.|
- Return to Citation
|<5>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 239 degrees and a distance of 3,546 feet.|
- Return to Citation
|<6>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 221 degrees and a distance of 2,249 feet.|
- Return to Citation
For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Waupaca.