RoadsideThoughts
A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Home >> State of Pennsylvania >> Lawrence County >> New Castle >> MiscellaneousIndex...










Learn About
The Commemorative
Quarter for
Pennsylvania


The Commemorative Quarter for Pennsylvania







Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identification number has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for New Castle: 1215356

GNIS ID for Lawrence County: 1213676

GNIS ID for Pennsylvania: 1779798

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to New Castle:

Place (Community) Code:  53368
State Code:  42 (Pennsylvania)
County Code:  073 (Lawrence County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  42/53368
State/County Code:  42/073

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of Pennsylvania:    42   1779798
Lawrence County:    42/073   1213676
New Castle:    42/53368   1215356

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of New Castle, it is a point within New Castle that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For New Castle, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   40° 59' 59"   (or 41°)

Lon:   -80° 20' 30"   (or -80.34°)  

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for New Castle - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For New Castle, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   40° 59' 44"   (or 41°)

Lon:   -80° 20' 44"   (or -80.35°)  

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 1,888 feet to the southwest<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   40° 59' 50"   (or 41°)

Lon:   -80° 20' 40"   (or -80.34°)  

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 711 feet to the northeast<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. New Castle is located in Region #1 (the Northeast Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. New Castle is located in Division #2 (the Middle Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. New Castle is located in Region III (Region 3).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. New Castle is located in Region III (Region 3).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like New Castle, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) New Castle. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for New Castle: 16101<3>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1193014   (Name of Record: New Castle)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Lawrence

Map Name: New Castle North

Lat: 41.0036719       Lon: -80.3470091  

Elev: 260 ft.


GNIS ID #1215356   (Name of Record: City of New Castle)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Lawrence

Map Name: New Castle South

Lat: 40.999783       Lon: -80.3417311  

Elev: 241 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 42/53368   (Place Name: New Castle)

County: Lawrence     (FIPS State/County: 42/073)

Class: C5

GSA Code: 5800

MRF Code: 6744

The official website for New Castle: www.newcastlepa.org/

The official website for Lawrence County: www.co.lawrence.pa.us/

The official website for State of Pennsylvania: https://www.pa.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 143 degrees and a distance of 1,888 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 331 degrees and a distance of 711 feet.
<3>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether New Castle or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).









 

Copyright 2024
All Rights Reserved

Thank you for visiting our website.

In closing, please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.

If you've found an error or have additional information that you would like to share, please don't hesitate to write: Click here to contact us.

This page was last modified/updated: 07 Apr 2024