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The 2000 Census showed that Elko County had a population of 45,291 people. This represented 2.27% of the total population of Nevada, making it the state's 3rd most populous county (out of 17 counties).

From the Census Estimates for 2009<1>, Elko had a population of 47,896 people. This is an increase of 5.75% since the 2000 Census.

The following table shows the recent changes in population. Other than 2000, the population counts have been estimated by the Census Bureau.

Since 2000
Year-to-Year Change
201048,818+7.79%+1.93% since 2009
200947,896+5.75%+1.51% since 2008
200847,184+4.18%+0.41% since 2007
200746,993+3.76%+2.81% since 2006
200645,710+0.93%+2.89% since 2005
200544,428-1.91%+1.97% since 2004
200443,569-3.8%+0.19% since 2003
200343,487-3.98%-1.29% since 2002
200244,055-2.73%-2.11% since 2001
200145,006-0.63%-0.63% since 2000
200045,291The Last Census

Elko County had 18,456 Housing Units<2> at the time of the 2000 Census.

The 2000 Census shows that Elko County has a total area<3> of 17,202 square miles [44,555 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of that area is covered by water (23.91 square miles [61.9 km²]).

Using the above population and land area values, Elko County had a population density of 2.64 people per square mile [1.02 people/km²], making it the state's 7th most densely populated county (out of 17 counties).

US Census QuickFacts

The Census Bureau has created documents containing demographic information that are called QuickFacts. A QuickFact that is specific to Elko County is available. The QuickFact also contains a comparison between Elko and the state of Nevada.

Click here for the Elko County QuickFact (QF-32007).

Below are some of the communities that are located in Elko County:

(2009 Est)
(2000 Census)
Change in

Below are the counties that adjoin and form the boundaries of Elko County. A link to their specific Census QuickFact has been provided.

(2009 Est.)
(2000 Census)
Change in
Cassia (ID)QF-16031   NE21,69821,4161.32%
Owyhee (ID)QF-16073   N11,22310,6445.44%
Twin Falls (ID)QF-16083   N75,29664,28417.13%
EurekaQF-32011   SW1,7071,6513.39%
HumboldtQF-32013   W18,26016,10613.37%
LanderQF-32015   SW5,1595,794-10.96%
White PineQF-32033   S9,1889,181---
Box Elder (UT)QF-49003   E49,90242,74516.74%
Tooele (UT)QF-49045   E58,33540,73543.21%

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U.S. Census Bureau
Census QuickFact for Elko County

Footnotes ...

<1>On a yearly basis, the US Census Bureau creates an estimate of the county's population. Keep in mind that this is an estimate and not an actual count. The last physical count was the 2000 Census and the next count will be for the 2010 Census.

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<2>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

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<3>The area value has been supplied by the US Census Bureau and it can be different than the geographic boundaries of Elko. The value given by the Census Bureau reflects their statistical (or sampling) requirements.

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<4>All Quarter-dollar coin images from the United States Mint.

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