A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Mount Olive, Mississippi
(Covington County)

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Census Data for Mount Olive ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Mount Olive a population of 904 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Mount Olive a population of 982 people.

The town of Mount Olive is located in Covington County. The 2010 Census gave Covington County; a population of 19,568 people. This means that Mount Olive had 5.02% of the county's total population, making it Covington's 2nd most populous community.

At the same time, Mississippi had a population of 2,967,297 people, meaning that Mount Olive had 0.03% of the total population of Mississippi - making it the state's 163rd most populous community.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Mount Olive has a total area of 3.1 square miles [8 km²].

Covington County has a land area of 413.8 square miles [1,071.7 km²]. At 3.1 square miles [8 km²], Mount Olive has 0.75% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Mount Olive, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.
    • Things like population, area and housing for Mount Olive reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Mount Olive might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   31° 45' 13"   (or 31.75°)
    • Lon:   -89° 39' 21"   (or -89.66°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Mount Olive had 458 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 982 people, this averages 2.14 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows Mount Olive had a land area of 3.1 square miles [8 km²]. This translates to 147.9 Housing Units per square mile [57.1 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: Mount Olive had 396 Housing Units, a population of 893 people and a land area of 1.21 square miles [3.1 km²]. This gives a density of 2.26 people per Housing Unit and 327.5 Housing Units per square mile [126.4 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Mount Olive and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Covington County ...

The community of Mount Olive is located in Covington County<4>.

The county had a population of 19,568 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 982 people, Mount Olive represented 5.02% of the county's total.

In addition, where the town of Mount Olive has a population density of 317.1 people per square mile [122.4 people/km²], Covington County averages 47.29 people per square mile [18.26 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Covington County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Mount Olive, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Mount Olive. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Mount Olive or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Mount Olive, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Mount Olive.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   31.753807°   (or 31°45'13" N)
    • Lon:   -89.655945°   (or -89°39'21" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   31.756729°   (or 31°45'24" N)
    • Lon:   -89.653648°   (or -89°39'13" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 1,281 feet to the southwest<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2406208) to Mount Olive. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Mount Olive. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   31.760828°   (or 31°45'38" N)
    • Lon:   -89.660870°   (or -89°39'39" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 2,980 feet to the southeast<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Mount Olive. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Mount Olive.

Miscellaneous Information for Mount Olive ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Covington County or the town of Mount Olive:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Mount Olive:
    • GNIS ID for Mount Olive: 2406208
    • GNIS ID for Covington County: 695740
    • GNIS ID for State of Mississippi: 1779790
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • Mount Olive is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Mount Olive.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Find a Community in Mississippi

About Covington County

About Mississippi

Off-the-Road Links ...

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Mount Olive. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Mississippi:

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>If you're interested in how the shape of Mississippi's counties, including Covington, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 146 degrees and a distance of 1,281 feet.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 210 degrees and a distance of 2,980 feet.






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This page was last modified: 29 Jun 2022