A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Mount Olive, Mississippi
(Covington County)

Nearby Census Genealogy
Cemeteries Tidbits &
Other MS

Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent numeric code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Mount Olive: 2406208

GNIS ID for Covington County: 695740

GNIS ID for Mississippi: 1779790

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Mount Olive:

Place (Community) Code:  49520
State Code:  28 (Mississippi)
County Code:  031 (Covington County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  28/49520
State/County Code:  28/031

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Mississippi:    28   1779790
Covington County:    28/031   695740
Mount Olive:    28/49520   2406208

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Mount Olive, it is a point within Mount Olive that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Mount Olive, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   31° 45' 38"   (or 31.76°)

Lon:   -89° 39' 39"   (or -89.66°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Mount Olive - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Mount Olive, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   31° 45' 13"   (or 31.75°)

Lon:   -89° 39' 21"   (or -89.66°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 2,980 feet to the southeast<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   31° 45' 24"   (or 31.76°)

Lon:   -89° 39' 13"   (or -89.65°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 1,281 feet to the northeast<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Mount Olive is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Mount Olive is located in Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Mount Olive is located in Region IV (Region 4).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Mount Olive is located in Region IV (Region 4).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #674103   (Name of Record: Mount Olive)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Covington

Map Name: Magee South

Lat: 31.761274       Lon: -89.6550717   [Map]

Elev: 102 ft.

GNIS ID #2406208   (Name of Record: Town of Mount Olive)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Covington

Map Name: Magee South

Lat: 31.7608283       Lon: -89.66087   [Map]

Elev: 103 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 28/49520   (Place Name: Mount Olive)

County: Covington     (FIPS State/County: 28/031)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Mount Olive) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Covington County).

GSA Code: 1700

MRF Code: 860

Search for a Community located in Mississippi

About Covington County

About Mississippi

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Mount Olive. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Mississippi:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 210 degrees and a distance of 2,980 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 326 degrees and a distance of 1,281 feet.




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This page was last modified: 02 Aug 2022