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Arkansas City, Kansas

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The location of Arkansas City

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Census Data for Arkansas City ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2016 and it gives Arkansas City a population of 12,063 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Arkansas City a population of 12,415 people.

The city of Arkansas City is located in Cowley County. The 2010 Census gave Cowley County a population of 36,311 people. This means that Arkansas City had 34.19% of the county's total population, making it Cowley's most populous community.

At the same time, Kansas had a population of 2,853,118 people, meaning that Arkansas City had 0.44% of the total population of Kansas - making it the state's 29th most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Arkansas City, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.

Things like the population, area and housing for Arkansas City reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Arkansas City might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Arkansas City has a total area of 9.38 square miles [24.3 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.02 square miles [0.1 km²]).

Cowley County has a land area of 1,125 square miles [2,915.7 km²]. At 9.36 square miles [24.2 km²], Arkansas City has 0.83% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   37° 4' 20"   (or 37.07°)             [Map]

Lon:   -97° 2' 18"   (or -97.04°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (12,415 people) and land area (9.36 square miles [24.2 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Arkansas City had a population density of 1,323 people per square mile [510 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Arkansas City had a population of 11,963 people and a land area of 7.51 square miles [19.5 km²]. This gives a population density of 1,587 people per square mile [613 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Arkansas City. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a misleading comparison. More information about the changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Arkansas City had 5,646 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 12,415 people, this averages 2.2 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Arkansas City had a land area of 9.36 square miles [24.2 km²]. This translates to 601 Housing Units per square mile [232.4 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Arkansas City had 5,628 Housing Units, a population of 11,963 people and a land area of 7.51 square miles [19.5 km²]. This gives a density of 2.13 people per Housing Unit and 746 Housing Units per square mile [288.4 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Arkansas City and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Cowley County ...

The community of Arkansas City is located in Cowley County.

The county had a population of 36,311 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 12,415 people, Arkansas City represented 34.19% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Arkansas City has a population density of 1,323 people per square mile [510 people/km²], Cowley County averages 32.25 people per square mile [12.45 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Cowley County.

Population Rings for Arkansas City ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Arkansas City and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Arkansas City. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
    Communities    
2016
    Population    
Change
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]112,063-2.84%
10 mi   [16 km]212,246-2.81%
15 mi   [24 km]527,777-1.73%
20 mi   [32 km]1028,769-1.79%
25 mi   [40 km]1971,317-2.8%
30 mi   [48 km]2882,241-2.41%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Arkansas City, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Arkansas City. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 24.52% larger than the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Arkansas City was 9.38 square miles [24.3 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 7.53 square miles [19.5 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Arkansas City, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Arkansas City.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   37.072499°   (or 37°4'20" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -97.038436°   (or -97°2'18" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   37.065267°   (or 37°3'54" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -97.039608°   (or -97°2'22" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 2,658 feet to the north<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#485541) to Arkansas City. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Arkansas City. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   37.068918°   (or 37°4'8" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -97.040871°   (or -97°2'27" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 1,485 feet to the northeast<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Arkansas City. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Arkansas City.

Miscellaneous Information for Arkansas City ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Cowley County or the city of Arkansas City:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Arkansas City:

GNIS ID for Arkansas City: 485541

GNIS ID for Cowley County: 484987

GNIS ID for Kansas: 481813

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 20 (Kansas)

County Code: 035 (Cowley County)

Place Code: 02300 (Arkansas City)

State & County Code: 20/035 (Kansas / Cowley County)

State & Place Code: 20/02300 (Kansas / Arkansas City)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Arkansas City is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).

The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Arkansas City, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Arkansas City. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Arkansas City: 67005<7>

Census ZCTA Codes ...

The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).

ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Arkansas City.

Other Roadside Stops ...



Visit our Community Index for Kansas

About Cowley County

About Kansas

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)


The official website for Arkansas City: www.arkcity.org/

The official website for Cowley County: www.cowleycounty.org/

The official website for State of Kansas: www.kansas.gov/



Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2016.

- Return to Citation

<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

- Return to Citation

<5>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the 2010 Census location is 352 degrees.

- Return to Citation

<6>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the GNIS point is 331 degrees.

- Return to Citation

<7>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Arkansas City or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

- Return to Citation


For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Arkansas City.