A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Arkansas City, Kansas

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The location of Arkansas City

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(GPS coordinates provided by the GNIS)
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Arkansas City
and the surrounding area.

Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent number has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Arkansas City: 485541

GNIS ID for Cowley County: 484987

GNIS ID for Kansas: 481813

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies worked together to create a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Arkansas City:

Place (Community) Code:  02300
State Code:  20 (Kansas)
County Code:  035 (Cowley County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  20/02300
State/County Code:  20/035

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Kansas:    20   481813
Cowley County:    20/035   484987
Arkansas City:    20/02300   485541

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Arkansas City, it is a point within Arkansas City that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Arkansas City, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   37° 4' 8"   (or 37.07°)

Lon:   -97° 2' 27"   (or -97.04°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Arkansas City - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Arkansas City, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   37° 4' 20"   (or 37.07°)

Lon:   -97° 2' 18"   (or -97.04°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 1,485 feet to the northeast<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   37° 3' 54"   (or 37.07°)

Lon:   -97° 2' 22"   (or -97.04°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 2,658 feet to the south<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Arkansas City is located in Region #2 (the Midwest Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Arkansas City is located in Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Arkansas City is located in Region VII (Region 7).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Arkansas City, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Arkansas City. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Arkansas City: 67005<3>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #470061   (Name of Record: Arkansas City)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Cowley

Map Name: Arkansas City

Lat: 37.0619736       Lon: -97.0383712   [Map]

Elev: 341 ft.

GNIS ID #485541   (Name of Record: City of Arkansas City)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Cowley

Map Name: Arkansas City

Lat: 37.0689179       Lon: -97.0408713   [Map]

Elev: 332 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 20/02300   (Place Name: Arkansas City)

County: Cowley     (FIPS State/County: 20/035)

Class: C5

GSA Code: 210

MRF Code: 110

Other Roadside Stops ...

Visit our Community Index for Kansas

About Cowley County

About Kansas

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website for Arkansas City: www.arkcity.org/

The official website for Cowley County: www.cowleycounty.org/

The official website for State of Kansas: www.kansas.gov/

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 331 degrees.

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<2>The calculated bearing (or the angle) to the 2000 Census location is 172 degrees.

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<3>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Arkansas City or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

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For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Arkansas City.