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Highland, California
(San Bernardino County)

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Census Data for Highland ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gives Highland a population of 55,342 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Highland a population of 53,104 people.

The city of Highland is located in San Bernardino County. The 2010 Census gave San Bernardino County a population of 2,035,210 people. This means that Highland had 2.61% of the county's total population, making it San Bernardino's 13th most populous community.

At the same time, California had a population of 37,253,956 people, meaning that Highland had 0.14% of the total population of California - making it the state's 159th most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Highland, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.

Things like the population, area and housing for Highland reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Highland might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Highland has a total area of 18.89 square miles [48.9 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.14 square miles [0.3 km²]).

San Bernardino County has a land area of 20,056 square miles [51,947.2 km²]. At 18.75 square miles [48.6 km²], Highland has 0.09% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   34° 6' 40"   (or 34.11°)             [Map]

Lon:   -117° 9' 53"   (or -117.16°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (53,104 people) and land area (18.75 square miles [48.6 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Highland had a population density of 2,811 people per square mile [1,085 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Highland had a population of 44,605 people and a land area of 13.63 square miles [35.3 km²]. This gives a population density of 3,232 people per square mile [1,248 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Highland. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an incorrect comparison. More information about these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Highland had 16,578 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 53,104 people, this averages 3.2 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Highland had a land area of 18.75 square miles [48.6 km²]. This translates to 877 Housing Units per square mile [338.8 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Highland had 14,858 Housing Units, a population of 44,605 people and a land area of 13.63 square miles [35.3 km²]. This gives a density of 3 people per Housing Unit and 1,076 Housing Units per square mile [415.8 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Highland and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

San Bernardino County ...

Highland is located in San Bernardino County.

The county had a population of 2,035,210 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 53,104 people, Highland represented 2.61% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Highland has a population density of 2,811 people per square mile [1,085 people/km²], San Bernardino County averages 101.5 people per square mile [39.18 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for San Bernardino County.

Population Rings for Highland ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Highland and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Highland. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]3343,891+3.65%
10 mi   [16 km]7539,072+3.99%
15 mi   [24 km]101,011,796+5.48%
20 mi   [32 km]151,592,640+6.85%
25 mi   [40 km]222,231,879+6.91%
30 mi   [48 km]302,911,253+7.59%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Highland, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Highland. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 36.91% larger than the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Highland was 18.89 square miles [48.9 km²]. Of this total, 18.75 square miles [48.6 km²] is land, with the balance (0.71%) being water (0.14 square miles [0.3 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 13.8 square miles [35.7 km²]. Of this total, 13.63 square miles [35.3 km²] is land, with the balance (0.9%) being water (0.17 square miles [0.4 km²]).

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Highland, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Highland.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   34.111242°   (or 34°6'40" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -117.164746°   (or -117°9'53" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   34.118459°   (or 34°7'6" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -117.202370°   (or -117°12'8" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 2 miles to the east<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2410759) to Highland. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Highland. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   34.111242°   (or 34°6'40" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -117.165230°   (or -117°9'54" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 146.1 feet to the east<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Highland. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Highland.

Miscellaneous Information for Highland ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either San Bernardino County or the city of Highland:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Highland:

GNIS ID for Highland: 2410759

GNIS ID for San Bernardino County: 277300

GNIS ID for California: 1779778

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 06 (California)

County Code: 071 (San Bernardino County)

Place Code: 33588 (Highland)

State & County Code: 06/071 (California / San Bernardino County)

State & Place Code: 06/33588 (California / Highland)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Highland is located in Census Region #4 (the West Region) and Division #9 (the Pacific Division).

The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Highland, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Highland. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Highland: 92346<7>

Census ZCTA Codes ...

The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).

ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Highland.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Find a Community in California

About San Bernardino County

About California

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website for Highland:

The official website for San Bernardino County:

The official website for State of California:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2017.

- Return to Citation

<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

- Return to Citation

<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 256 degrees and a distance of 2 miles.

- Return to Citation

<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 269 degrees and a distance of 146.1 feet.

- Return to Citation

<7>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Highland or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

- Return to Citation


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This page was last modified: 04 Nov 2018
By John Hall