A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Highland, California
(San Bernardino County)

Nearby Census Genealogy
Cemeteries Tidbits &
Other CA

The location of Highland

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Click here for an interactive map for Highland
and the surrounding area.

Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent numeric code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Highland: 2410759

GNIS ID for San Bernardino County: 277300

GNIS ID for California: 1779778

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Highland:

Place (Community) Code:  33588
State Code:  06 (California)
County Code:  071 (San Bernardino County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  06/33588
State/County Code:  06/071

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of California:    06   1779778
San Bernardino County:    06/071   277300
Highland:    06/33588   2410759

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Highland, it is a point within Highland that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Highland, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   34° 6' 40"   (or 34.11°)

Lon:   -117° 9' 54"   (or -117.17°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Highland - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Highland, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   34° 6' 40"   (or 34.11°)

Lon:   -117° 9' 53"   (or -117.16°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 146.1 feet to the east<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   34° 7' 6"   (or 34.12°)

Lon:   -117° 12' 8"   (or -117.2°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 2 miles to the west<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Highland is located in Region #4 (the West Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Highland is located in Division #9 (the Pacific Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Highland is located in Region IX (Region 9).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Highland is located in Region IX (Region 9).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Highland, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Highland. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Highland: 92346<3>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1652722   (Name of Record: Highland)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: San Bernardino

Map Name: Harrison Mountain

Lat: 34.1283442       Lon: -117.2086513   [Map]

Elev: 399 ft.

GNIS ID #2410759   (Name of Record: City of Highland)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: San Bernardino

Map Name: Redlands

Lat: 34.1112416       Lon: -117.16523   [Map]

Elev: 419 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 06/33588   (Place Name: Highland)

County: San Bernardino     (FIPS State/County: 06/071)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Highland) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- San Bernardino County).

GSA Code: 1605

MRF Code: 1260

MSA Code: 6780

Other Roadside Stops ...

Cities, Towns and Villages of California

About San Bernardino County

About California

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Highland:

The official website for San Bernardino County:

The official website for State of California:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 269 degrees and a distance of 146.1 feet.

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<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 76 degrees and a distance of 2 miles.

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<3>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Highland or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

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For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Highland.