A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Weirton, West Virginia

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The location of Weirton

Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Weirton: 2390666

GNIS ID for Hancock County: 1560574

GNIS ID for West Virginia: 1779805

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Weirton:

Place (Community) Code:  85156
State Code:  54 (West Virginia)
County Code:  029 (Hancock County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  54/85156
State/County Code:  54/029

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of West Virginia:    54   1779805
Hancock County:    54/029   1560574
Weirton:    54/85156   2390666

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Weirton, it is a point within Weirton that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Weirton, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   40° 24' 21"   (or 40.41°)

Lon:   -80° 34' 1"   (or -80.57°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Weirton - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Weirton, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   40° 24' 22"   (or 40.41°)

Lon:   -80° 33' 56"   (or -80.57°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 398.8 feet to the east<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   40° 24' 30"   (or 40.41°)

Lon:   -80° 34' 33"   (or -80.58°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 2,994 feet to the west<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

' . '

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Weirton is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Weirton is located in Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Weirton is located in Region III (Region 3).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Weirton is located in Region III (Region 3).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1554725   (Name of Record: Holidays Cove)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Hancock

Map Name: Weirton

Lat: 40.4006236       Lon: -80.5897946   [Map]

Elev: 214 ft.

GNIS ID #1555932   (Name of Record: Weirton)

Class: populated place

County: Hancock

Map Name: Weirton

Lat: 40.4189566       Lon: -80.5895167   [Map]

Elev: 230 ft.

GNIS ID #2390666   (Name of Record: City of Weirton)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Hancock

Map Name: Weirton

Lat: 40.4060862       Lon: -80.56698   [Map]

Elev: 294 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 54/37996   (Place Name: Holidays Cove)

County: Hancock     (FIPS State/County: 54/029)

Class: X3

MSA Code: 8080

FIPS Code: 54/85156   (Place Name: Weirton)

County: Brooke     (FIPS State/County: 54/009      Count/Seq: 02/01)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Weirton) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Hancock County).

GSA Code: 2730

MRF Code: 1635

MSA Code: 8080

Other Roadside Stops ...

Visit our Community Index for West Virginia

About Hancock County

About West Virginia

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Weirton:

The official website for State of West Virginia:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 282 degrees and a distance of 398.8 feet.

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<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 74 degrees and a distance of 2,994 feet.

- Return to Citation






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This page was last modified: 15 Jan 2019