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Salem, West Virginia
(Harrison County)

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Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Salem: 2390648

GNIS ID for Harrison County: 1718426

GNIS ID for West Virginia: 1779805

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Salem:

Place (Community) Code:  71380
State Code:  54 (West Virginia)
County Code:  033 (Harrison County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  54/71380
State/County Code:  54/033

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of West Virginia:    54   1779805
Harrison County:    54/033   1718426
Salem:    54/71380   2390648

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Salem, it is a point within Salem that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Salem, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   39° 17' 6"   (or 39.29°)

Lon:   -80° 33' 50"   (or -80.56°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Salem - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Salem, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   39° 17' 5"   (or 39.28°)

Lon:   -80° 33' 52"   (or -80.56°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 134.7 feet to the west<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   39° 17' 0"   (or 39.28°)

Lon:   -80° 33' 45"   (or -80.56°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 744 feet to the southeast<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Salem is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Salem is located in Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Salem is located in Region III (Region 3).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Salem is located in Region III (Region 3).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1546280   (Name of Record: Salem)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Harrison

Map Name: Salem

Lat: 39.2828653       Lon: -80.5589856   [Map]

Elev: 320 ft.


GNIS ID #2390648   (Name of Record: City of Salem)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Harrison

Map Name: Salem

Lat: 39.2850359       Lon: -80.564019   [Map]

Elev: 361 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 54/71380   (Place Name: Salem)

County: Harrison     (FIPS State/County: 54/033)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Salem) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Harrison County).

GSA Code: 2390

MRF Code: 1430

Other Roadside Stops ...



Visit our Community Index for West Virginia

About Harrison County

About West Virginia

Off-the-Road Links ...

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Salem. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Harrison County: www.harrisoncountywv.com/

The official website for State of West Virginia: www.wv.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)


Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 105 degrees and a distance of 134.7 feet.

- Return to Citation

<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 221 degrees and a distance of 744 feet.

- Return to Citation



 
 
 

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This page was last modified: 15 Sep 2018
By John Hall