A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Poca, West Virginia
Census Data for Poca ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Poca a population of 987 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Poca a population of 974 people.
The town of Poca is located in Putnam County. The 2010 Census gave Putnam County a population of 55,486 people. This means that Poca had 1.76% of the county's total population, making it Putnam's 5th most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a town like Poca, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the town.
Things like the population, area and housing for Poca reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Poca might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Poca has a total area of 0.75 square miles [2 km²]. Of this total, 0.59 square miles [1.5 km²] is land, with the balance (22.05%) being water (0.17 square miles [0.4 km²]).
Putnam County has a land area of 345.7 square miles [895.3 km²]. At 0.59 square miles [1.5 km²], Poca has 0.17% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 38° 28' 18" (or 38.47°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (974 people) and land area (0.59 square miles [1.5 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Poca had a population density of 1,293 people per square mile [499.4 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Poca had a population of 1,013 people and a land area of 0.56 square miles [1.5 km²]. This gives a population density of 1,400 people per square mile [540 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Poca. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a questionable comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Poca had 415 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 974 people, this averages 2.35 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Poca had a land area of 0.59 square miles [1.5 km²]. This translates to 551 Housing Units per square mile [212.8 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Poca had 430 Housing Units, a population of 1,013 people and a land area of 0.56 square miles [1.5 km²]. This gives a density of 2.36 people per Housing Unit and 594 Housing Units per square mile [229.5 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Poca and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Putnam County ...
The community of Poca is located in Putnam County.
The county had a population of 55,486 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 974 people, Poca represented 1.76% of the county's total.
In addition, where the town of Poca has a population density of 1,293 people per square mile [499.4 people/km²], Putnam County averages 160.5 people per square mile [62 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Putnam County.
Population Rings for Poca ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Poca and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Poca. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Poca, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Poca. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 4.07% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Poca was 0.75 square miles [2 km²]. Of this total, 0.59 square miles [1.5 km²] is land, with the balance (22.05%) being water (0.17 square miles [0.4 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 0.72 square miles [1.9 km²]. Of this total, 0.56 square miles [1.5 km²] is land, with the balance (21.6%) being water (0.16 square miles [0.4 km²]).
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Poca, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Poca.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 38.471718° (or 38°28'18" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 38.461343° (or 38°27'40" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 3,903 feet to the north<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2391364) to Poca. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Poca. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 38.472979° (or 38°28'22" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 466 feet to the south<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Poca. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Poca.
Miscellaneous Information for Poca ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Putnam County or the town of Poca:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Poca:
GNIS ID for Poca: 2391364
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 54 (West Virginia)
County Code: 079 (Putnam County)
Place Code: 64516 (Poca)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Poca is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Poca.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Poca. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for State of West Virginia: https://www.wv.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 04 Jan 2019