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Poca, West Virginia

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Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent numeric identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Poca: 2391364

GNIS ID for Putnam County: 1550046

GNIS ID for West Virginia: 1779805

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies worked together to create a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Poca:

Place (Community) Code:  64516
State Code:  54 (West Virginia)
County Code:  079 (Putnam County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  54/64516
State/County Code:  54/079

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of West Virginia:    54   1779805
Putnam County:    54/079   1550046
Poca:    54/64516   2391364

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Poca, it is a point within Poca that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Poca, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   38° 28' 22"   (or 38.47°)

Lon:   -81° 48' 44"   (or -81.81°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Poca - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Poca, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   38° 28' 18"   (or 38.47°)

Lon:   -81° 48' 43"   (or -81.81°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 466 feet to the south<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   38° 27' 40"   (or 38.46°)

Lon:   -81° 48' 56"   (or -81.82°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 3,903 feet to the south<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Poca is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Poca is located in Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Poca is located in Region III (Region 3).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Poca is located in Region III (Region 3).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1555379   (Name of Record: Poca)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Putnam

Map Name: Saint Albans

Lat: 38.4723137       Lon: -81.8142977   [Map]

Elev: 179 ft.


GNIS ID #2391364   (Name of Record: Town of Poca)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Putnam

Map Name: Saint Albans

Lat: 38.4729788       Lon: -81.812477   [Map]

Elev: 183 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 54/64516   (Place Name: Poca)

County: Putnam     (FIPS State/County: 54/079)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Poca) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Putnam County).

GSA Code: 2145

MRF Code: 1275

MSA Code: 1480

Other Roadside Stops ...



Search for a West Virginia Community

About Putnam County

About West Virginia

Off-the-Road Links ...

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Poca. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of West Virginia: www.wv.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)


Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 189 degrees and a distance of 466 feet.

- Return to Citation

<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 165 degrees and a distance of 3,903 feet.

- Return to Citation



 
 
 

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This page was last modified: 13 Nov 2018
By John Hall