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Wausau, Wisconsin

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The location of Wausau

Click for Interactive Map
(GPS coordinates provided by the GNIS)
 
Click here for an interactive map for Wausau
and the surrounding area.
 
 

Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identification number has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Wausau: 1584379

GNIS ID for Marathon County: 1581096

GNIS ID for Wisconsin: 1779806

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Wausau:

Place (Community) Code:  84475
State Code:  55 (Wisconsin)
County Code:  073 (Marathon County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  55/84475
State/County Code:  55/073

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Wisconsin:    55   1779806
Marathon County:    55/073   1581096
Wausau:    55/84475   1584379

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Wausau, it is a point within Wausau that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Wausau, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   44° 57' 41"   (or 44.96°)

Lon:   -89° 38' 40"   (or -89.64°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Wausau - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Wausau, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   44° 57' 42"   (or 44.96°)

Lon:   -89° 38' 36"   (or -89.64°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 291.3 feet to the east<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   44° 57' 40"   (or 44.96°)

Lon:   -89° 38' 19"   (or -89.64°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 1,230 feet to the east<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Wausau is located in Region #2 (the Midwest Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Wausau is located in Division #3 (the East North-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Wausau is located in Region V (Region 5).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Wausau is located in Region V (Region 5).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1576325   (Name of Record: Wausau)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Marathon

Map Name: Wausau West

Lat: 44.9591352       Lon: -89.6301221   [Map]

Elev: 367 ft.


GNIS ID #1584379   (Name of Record: City of Wausau)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Marathon

Map Name: Wausau West

Lat: 44.9616351       Lon: -89.6445669   [Map]

Elev: 397 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 55/84475   (Place Name: Wausau)

County: Marathon     (FIPS State/County: 55/073)

Class: C5

GSA Code: 5110

MRF Code: 2690

MSA Code: 8940

Other Roadside Stops ...



Cities, Towns and Villages of Wisconsin

About Marathon County

About Wisconsin

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Wausau: www.ci.wausau.wi.us/

The official website for Marathon County: www.co.marathon.wi.us/

The official website for State of Wisconsin: www.wisconsin.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)


Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 286 degrees and a distance of 291.3 feet.

- Return to Citation

<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 258 degrees and a distance of 1,230 feet.

- Return to Citation


For additional information, please visit our Glossary for Wausau.