Census Data for Appleton ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Appleton a population of 74,098 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Appleton a population of 72,623 people.
The city of Appleton is located in Outagamie County. The 2010 Census gave Outagamie County; a population of 176,695 people. This means that Appleton had 41.1% of the county's total population, making it Outagamie's most populous community.
At the same time, Wisconsin had a population of 5,686,986 people, meaning that Appleton had 1.28% of the total population of Wisconsin - making it the state's 6th most populous community.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Appleton has a total area of 24.82 square miles [64.3 km²]. Of this total, 24.33 square miles [63 km²] is land, with the balance (1.97%) being water (0.49 square miles [1.3 km²]).
Outagamie County has a land area of 637 square miles [1,651.2 km²]. At 24.33 square miles [63 km²], Appleton has 3.82% of the county's total land area.
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- When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Appleton, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
- Things like population, area and housing for Appleton reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Appleton might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
- Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
- Lat: 44° 16' 43" (or 44.28°)
- Lon: -88° 23' 33" (or -88.39°)
- More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Appleton had 30,348 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 72,623 people, this averages 2.39 people per Housing Unit.
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- The 2010 Census shows Appleton had a land area of 24.33 square miles [63 km²]. This translates to 1,222 Housing Units per square mile [472.2 housing units/km²].
- From the Census of 2000: Appleton had 27,736 Housing Units, a population of 70,087 people and a land area of 20.88 square miles [54.1 km²]. This gives a density of 2.53 people per Housing Unit and 1,298 Housing Units per square mile [501 housing units/km²].
- Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Appleton and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Outagamie County ...
The city of Appleton is primarily located in Outagamie County<4> and is the County Seat for Outagamie County. A portion of Appleton extends into Calumet County and Winnebago County.
The county had a population of 176,695 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 72,623 people, Appleton represented 41.1% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Appleton has a population density of 2,926 people per square mile [1,129 people/km²], Outagamie County averages 277.2 people per square mile [107 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Outagamie County.
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Appleton, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Appleton. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.
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- Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Appleton or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
- If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Appleton, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Appleton.
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- For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
- Lat: 44.278819° (or 44°16'43" N)
- Lon: -88.392625° (or -88°23'33" W)
- For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
- Lat: 44.265536° (or 44°15'55" N)
- Lon: -88.401655° (or -88°24'5" W)
- The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 5,386 feet to the northeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
- The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1582703) to Appleton. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Appleton. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
- Lat: 44.271931° (or 44°16'18" N)
- Lon: -88.397607° (or -88°23'51" W)
- The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 2,828 feet to the northeast<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Appleton. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Appleton.
Miscellaneous Information for Appleton ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Outagamie County or the city of Appleton:
- The GNIS Codes ...
- The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Appleton:
- GNIS ID for Appleton: 1582703
- GNIS ID for Outagamie County: 1581104
- GNIS ID for State of Wisconsin: 1779806
- Misc. Census Codes ...
- Appleton is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #3 (the East North-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Appleton.
Other Roadside Stops ...
The Communities of Wisconsin
About Outagamie County
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website for Appleton: www.appleton.org/
The official website for Outagamie County: www.co.outagamie.wi.us/
The official website for State of Wisconsin: https://www.wisconsin.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
|<1>||Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.|
|<2>||Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.|
|<3>||A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).|
|<4>||If you're interested in how the shape of Wisconsin's counties, including Outagamie, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.|
|<5>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 334 degrees and a distance of 5,386 feet.|
|<6>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 332 degrees and a distance of 2,828 feet.|