A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Appleton, Wisconsin

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Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identification number has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Appleton: 1582703

GNIS ID for Outagamie County: 1581104

GNIS ID for Wisconsin: 1779806

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Appleton:

Place (Community) Code:  02375
State Code:  55 (Wisconsin)
County Code:  087 (Outagamie County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  55/02375
State/County Code:  55/087

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Wisconsin:    55   1779806
Outagamie County:    55/087   1581104
Appleton:    55/02375   1582703

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Appleton, it is a point within Appleton that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Appleton, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   44° 16' 18"   (or 44.27°)

Lon:   -88° 23' 51"   (or -88.4°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Appleton - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Appleton, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   44° 16' 43"   (or 44.28°)

Lon:   -88° 23' 33"   (or -88.39°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 2,828 feet to the northeast<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   44° 15' 55"   (or 44.27°)

Lon:   -88° 24' 5"   (or -88.4°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 5,386 feet to the southwest<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Appleton is located in Region #2 (the Midwest Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Appleton is located in Division #3 (the East North-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Appleton is located in Region V (Region 5).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Appleton is located in Region V (Region 5).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1560914   (Name of Record: Appleton)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Outagamie

Map Name: Appleton

Lat: 44.2619309       Lon: -88.4153847   [Map]

Elev: 242 ft.

GNIS ID #1582703   (Name of Record: City of Appleton)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Outagamie

Map Name: Appleton

Lat: 44.271931       Lon: -88.3976066   [Map]

Elev: 236 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 55/02375   (Place Name: Appleton)

County: Calumet     (FIPS State/County: 55/015      Count/Seq: 03/01)

Class: C5

GSA Code: 170

MRF Code: 80

MSA Code: 460

FIPS Code: 55/02400   (Place Name: Appleton Junction)

County: Outagamie     (FIPS State/County: 55/087)

Class: U4

Identifies a populated place (ie- Appleton) which is wholly or substantially located within the boundaries of an incorporated place with a different name. The Part of Code identifies the incorporated place.

Part-of-Code: 2375

MSA Code: 460

Other Roadside Stops ...

The Communities of Wisconsin

About Outagamie County

About Wisconsin

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Appleton:

The official website for Outagamie County:

The official website for State of Wisconsin:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 332 degrees and a distance of 2,828 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 154 degrees and a distance of 5,386 feet.






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This page was last modified: 22 Oct 2020