A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Census Data for Burlington ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gave Burlington a population of 42,239 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Burlington a population of 42,417 people.
The city of Burlington is located in Chittenden County. The 2010 Census gave Chittenden County a population of 156,545 people. This means that Burlington had 27.1% of the county's total population, making it Chittenden's most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Burlington, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
Things like the population, area and housing for Burlington reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Burlington might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Burlington has a total area of 15.49 square miles [40.1 km²]. Of this total, 10.31 square miles [26.7 km²] is land, with the balance (33.48%) being water (5.19 square miles [13.4 km²]).
Chittenden County has a land area of 536 square miles [1,389.7 km²]. At 10.31 square miles [26.7 km²], Burlington has 1.92% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 44° 29' 31" (or 44.49°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (42,417 people) and land area (10.31 square miles [26.7 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Burlington had a population density of 2,737 people per square mile [1,057 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Burlington had a population of 38,889 people and a land area of 10.56 square miles [27.4 km²]. This gives a population density of 2,511 people per square mile [969 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Burlington. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an incorrect comparison. More information about the changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Burlington had 16,897 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 42,417 people, this averages 2.51 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Burlington had a land area of 10.31 square miles [26.7 km²]. This translates to 1,090 Housing Units per square mile [421.1 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Burlington had 16,395 Housing Units, a population of 38,889 people and a land area of 10.56 square miles [27.4 km²]. This gives a density of 2.37 people per Housing Unit and 1,058 Housing Units per square mile [408.8 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Burlington and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Chittenden County ...
The county had a population of 156,545 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 42,417 people, Burlington represented 27.1% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Burlington has a population density of 2,737 people per square mile [1,057 people/km²], Chittenden County averages 291.7 people per square mile [112.6 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Chittenden County.
Population Rings for Burlington ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Burlington and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Burlington. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Burlington, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Burlington. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
There is only a very minor difference in the sampling area given between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Burlington was 15.49 square miles [40.1 km²]. Of this total, 10.31 square miles [26.7 km²] is land, with the balance (33.48%) being water (5.19 square miles [13.4 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 15.48 square miles [40.1 km²]. Of this total, 10.56 square miles [27.4 km²] is land, with the balance (31.76%) being water (4.92 square miles [12.7 km²]).
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Burlington, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Burlington.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 44.491990° (or 44°29'31" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 44.484748° (or 44°29'5" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 4,973 feet to the northwest<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1462060) to Burlington. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Burlington. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 44.487720° (or 44°29'15" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 2,561 feet to the northwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Burlington. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Burlington.
Miscellaneous Information for Burlington ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Chittenden County or the city of Burlington:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Burlington:
GNIS ID for Burlington: 1462060
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 50 (Vermont)
County Code: 007 (Chittenden County)
Place Code: 10675 (Burlington)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Burlington is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #1 (the New England Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Burlington.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
The official website for Burlington: www.ci.burlington.vt.us/
The official website for State of Vermont: https://www.vermont.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 07 Mar 2019