A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Census Data for Provo (aka 'Provo City') ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2018 and it gave Provo a population of 116,702 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Provo a population of 112,488 people.
The city of Provo is located in Utah County. The 2010 Census gave Utah County a population of 516,564 people. This means that Provo had 21.78% of the county's total population, making it Utah's most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Provo, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
Things like the population, area and housing for Provo reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Provo might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Provo has a total area of 44.17 square miles [114.4 km²]. Of this total, 41.67 square miles [107.9 km²] is land, with the balance (5.66%) being water (2.5 square miles [6.5 km²]).
Utah County has a land area of 2,003 square miles [5,188.9 km²]. At 41.67 square miles [107.9 km²], Provo has 2.08% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 40° 14' 43" (or 40.25°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (112,488 people) and land area (41.67 square miles [107.9 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Provo had a population density of 2,546 people per square mile [983 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Provo had a population of 105,166 people and a land area of 39.64 square miles [102.7 km²]. This gives a population density of 2,516 people per square mile [971 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Provo. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an apple-to-oranges comparison. More information about these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Provo had 33,212 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 112,488 people, this averages 3.39 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Provo had a land area of 41.67 square miles [107.9 km²]. This translates to 751 Housing Units per square mile [290.3 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Provo had 30,374 Housing Units, a population of 105,166 people and a land area of 39.64 square miles [102.7 km²]. This gives a density of 3.46 people per Housing Unit and 726 Housing Units per square mile [280.7 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Provo and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Utah County ...
The county had a population of 516,564 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 112,488 people, Provo represented 21.78% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Provo has a population density of 2,546 people per square mile [983 people/km²], Utah County averages 257.8 people per square mile [99.6 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Utah County.
Population Rings for Provo ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Provo and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Provo. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<5>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Provo, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Provo. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 5.71% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Provo was 44.17 square miles [114.4 km²]. Of this total, 41.67 square miles [107.9 km²] is land, with the balance (5.66%) being water (2.5 square miles [6.5 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 41.79 square miles [108.2 km²]. Of this total, 39.64 square miles [102.7 km²] is land, with the balance (4.86%) being water (2.15 square miles [5.6 km²]).
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Provo, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Provo.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 40.245330° (or 40°14'43" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 40.244421° (or 40°14'39" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 4,464 feet to the east<6> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2411499) to Provo. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Provo. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 40.245646° (or 40°14'44" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 120.5 feet to the south<7> of the point given by the GNIS for Provo. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Provo.
Miscellaneous Information for Provo ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Utah County or the city of Provo:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Provo:
GNIS ID for Provo: 2411499
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 49 (Utah)
County Code: 049 (Utah County)
Place Code: 62470 (Provo)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Provo is located in Census Region #4 (the West Region) and Division #8 (the Mountain Division).
The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...
While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Provo, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Provo. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.
The ZIP code for Provo: 84601-84606<8>
Census ZCTA Codes ...
The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).
ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Provo.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
The official website for Provo: www.provo.org/
The official website for Utah County: www.co.utah.ut.us/
The official website for State of Utah: https://www.utah.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 08 Jan 2020