A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Somerset, Texas
(Bexar County)

Nearby Census Genealogy
Cemeteries Tidbits &
Other TX

Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Somerset: 2411926

GNIS ID for Bexar County: 1383800

GNIS ID for Texas: 1779801

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Somerset:

Place (Community) Code:  68708
State Code:  48 (Texas)
County Code:  029 (Bexar County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  48/68708
State/County Code:  48/029

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Texas:    48   1779801
Bexar County:    48/029   1383800
Somerset:    48/68708   2411926

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Somerset, it is a point within Somerset that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Somerset, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   29° 13' 42"   (or 29.23°)

Lon:   -98° 39' 24"   (or -98.66°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Somerset - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Somerset, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   29° 13' 43"   (or 29.23°)

Lon:   -98° 39' 24"   (or -98.66°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 65.7 feet to the northwest<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   29° 13' 37"   (or 29.23°)

Lon:   -98° 39' 27"   (or -98.66°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 642 feet to the south<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

' . '

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Somerset is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Somerset is located in Division #7 (the West South-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Somerset is located in Region VI (Region 6).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Somerset is located in Region VI (Region 6).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1368603   (Name of Record: Somerset)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Bexar

Map Name: Somerset

Lat: 29.2263504       Lon: -98.6577985   [Map]

Elev: 197 ft.

GNIS ID #2411926   (Name of Record: City of Somerset)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Bexar

Map Name: Somerset

Lat: 29.2284829       Lon: -98.656706   [Map]

Elev: 199 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 48/68708   (Place Name: Somerset)

County: Bexar     (FIPS State/County: 48/029)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Somerset) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Bexar County).

GSA Code: 6449

MRF Code: 3972

MSA Code: 7240

Other Roadside Stops ...

Find a Community in Texas

About Bexar County

About Texas

Off-the-Road Links ...

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Somerset. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Bexar County:

The official website for State of Texas:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 44 degrees and a distance of 65.7 feet.

- Return to Citation

<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 160 degrees and a distance of 642 feet.

- Return to Citation






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This page was last modified: 18 Nov 2019