A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Census Data for Socorro ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2018 and it gave Socorro a population of 34,533 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Socorro a population of 32,013 people.
The city of Socorro is located in El Paso County. The 2010 Census gave El Paso County a population of 800,647 people. This means that Socorro had 4% of the county's total population, making it El Paso's 2nd most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Socorro, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
Things like the population, area and housing for Socorro reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Socorro might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Socorro has a total area of 22.06 square miles [57.1 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.02 square miles [0.1 km²]).
El Paso County has a land area of 1,012 square miles [2,622.9 km²]. At 22.04 square miles [57.1 km²], Socorro has 2.18% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 31° 38' 28" (or 31.64°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (32,013 people) and land area (22.04 square miles [57.1 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Socorro had a population density of 1,451 people per square mile [560 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Socorro had a population of 27,152 people and a land area of 17.51 square miles [45.3 km²]. This gives a population density of 1,550 people per square mile [598 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Socorro. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to a misleading comparison. More information about the nature of these differences can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Socorro had 9,313 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 32,013 people, this averages 3.44 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Socorro had a land area of 22.04 square miles [57.1 km²]. This translates to 422.2 Housing Units per square mile [163 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Socorro had 7,140 Housing Units, a population of 27,152 people and a land area of 17.51 square miles [45.3 km²]. This gives a density of 3.8 people per Housing Unit and 407.8 Housing Units per square mile [157.5 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Socorro and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
El Paso County ...
The community of Socorro is located in El Paso County.
The county had a population of 800,647 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 32,013 people, Socorro represented 4% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Socorro has a population density of 1,451 people per square mile [560 people/km²], El Paso County averages 790 people per square mile [305.3 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for El Paso County.
Population Rings for Socorro ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Socorro and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Socorro. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Socorro, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Socorro. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 26% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Socorro was 22.06 square miles [57.1 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 17.51 square miles [45.3 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Socorro, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Socorro.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 31.641289° (or 31°38'28" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 31.641340° (or 31°38'28" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 3,779 feet to the east<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2411920) to Socorro. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Socorro. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 31.642028° (or 31°38'31" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 2,559 feet to the east<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Socorro. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Socorro.
Miscellaneous Information for Socorro ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either El Paso County or the city of Socorro:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Socorro:
GNIS ID for Socorro: 2411920
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 48 (Texas)
County Code: 141 (El Paso County)
Place Code: 68636 (Socorro)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Socorro is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #7 (the West South-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Socorro.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
The official website for Socorro: www.socorrotexas.org/
The official website for El Paso County: www.epcounty.com/
The official website for State of Texas: https://texas.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 15 Nov 2019