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Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent numeric code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for San Patricio: 2411802

GNIS ID for San Patricio County: 1383990

GNIS ID for Texas: 1779801

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to San Patricio:

Place (Community) Code:  65612
State Code:  48 (Texas)
County Code:  409 (San Patricio County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  48/65612
State/County Code:  48/409

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of Texas:    48   1779801
San Patricio County:    48/409   1383990
San Patricio:    48/65612   2411802

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of San Patricio, it is a point within San Patricio that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For San Patricio, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   27° 58' 37"   (or 27.98°)

Lon:   -97° 46' 35"   (or -97.78°)  

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for San Patricio - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For San Patricio, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   27° 59' 3"   (or 27.98°)

Lon:   -97° 46' 12"   (or -97.77°)  

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 3,308 feet to the northeast<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   27° 57' 33"   (or 27.96°)

Lon:   -97° 46' 23"   (or -97.77°)  

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 9,219 feet to the south<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. San Patricio is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. San Patricio is located in Division #7 (the West South-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. San Patricio is located in Region VI (Region 6).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. San Patricio is located in Region VI (Region 6).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1346436   (Name of Record: San Patricio)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: San Patricio

Map Name: San Patricio

Lat: 27.9544619       Lon: -97.7719419  

Elev: 13 ft.


GNIS ID #2411802   (Name of Record: City of San Patricio)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: San Patricio

Map Name: San Patricio

Lat: 27.9771416       Lon: -97.776421  

Elev: 15 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 48/65612   (Place Name: San Patricio)

County: Nueces     (FIPS State/County: 48/355      Count/Seq: 02/01)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- San Patricio) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- San Patricio County).

GSA Code: 6172

MRF Code: 3803

MSA Code: 1880

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for San Patricio. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Texas: https://texas.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 322 degrees and a distance of 3,308 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 174 degrees and a distance of 9,219 feet.









 

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This page was last modified/updated: 07 Apr 2024