A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Census Data for Lakeland ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2018 and it gave Lakeland a population of 12,617 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Lakeland a population of 12,430 people.
The city of Lakeland is located in Shelby County. The 2010 Census gave Shelby County a population of 927,644 people. This means that Lakeland had 1.34% of the county's total population, making it Shelby's 5th most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Lakeland, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
Things like the population, area and housing for Lakeland reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Lakeland might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Lakeland has a total area of 23.89 square miles [61.9 km²]. Of this total, 23.47 square miles [60.8 km²] is land, with the balance (1.77%) being water (0.42 square miles [1.1 km²]).
Shelby County has a land area of 763 square miles [1,976.6 km²]. At 23.47 square miles [60.8 km²], Lakeland has 3.08% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 35° 15' 19" (or 35.26°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (12,430 people) and land area (23.47 square miles [60.8 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Lakeland had a population density of 520 people per square mile [200.9 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Lakeland had a population of 6,862 people and a land area of 17.62 square miles [45.6 km²]. This gives a population density of 380.5 people per square mile [146.9 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Lakeland. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an apple-to-oranges comparison. More information about the nature of these changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Lakeland had 4,655 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 12,430 people, this averages 2.67 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Lakeland had a land area of 23.47 square miles [60.8 km²]. This translates to 194.8 Housing Units per square mile [75.2 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Lakeland had 2,904 Housing Units, a population of 6,862 people and a land area of 17.62 square miles [45.6 km²]. This gives a density of 2.36 people per Housing Unit and 161 Housing Units per square mile [62.2 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Lakeland and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Shelby County ...
The community of Lakeland is located in Shelby County.
The county had a population of 927,644 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 12,430 people, Lakeland represented 1.34% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Lakeland has a population density of 520 people per square mile [200.9 people/km²], Shelby County averages 1,215 people per square mile [469.3 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Shelby County.
Population Rings for Lakeland ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Lakeland and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Lakeland. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Lakeland, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Lakeland. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 32.48% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Lakeland was 23.89 square miles [61.9 km²]. Of this total, 23.47 square miles [60.8 km²] is land, with the balance (1.77%) being water (0.42 square miles [1.1 km²]).
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 18.04 square miles [46.7 km²]. Of this total, 17.62 square miles [45.6 km²] is land, with the balance (1.75%) being water (0.42 square miles [1.1 km²]).
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Lakeland, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Lakeland.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 35.255294° (or 35°15'19" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 35.233327° (or 35°13'59" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 8,884 feet to the northeast<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2404871) to Lakeland. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Lakeland. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 35.258523° (or 35°15'30" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 1,752 feet to the southeast<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Lakeland. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Lakeland.
Miscellaneous Information for Lakeland ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Shelby County or the city of Lakeland:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Lakeland:
GNIS ID for Lakeland: 2404871
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 47 (Tennessee)
County Code: 157 (Shelby County)
Place Code: 40350 (Lakeland)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Lakeland is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Lakeland.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
The official website for Lakeland: www.cityoflakeland.com/
The official website for Shelby County: www.shelbycountytn.gov/
The official website for State of Tennessee: https://www.tn.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
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This page was last modified: 31 Dec 2019