We spend a lot of time looking through Gazetteers, Almanacs & Directories that were published in the late 1800's and early 1900's. Many of the Gazetteers include the distance from a village such as Saint Thomas Didyme to various places of note, such as Parliament Hill.
With a nod to our favorite Gazetteers, the straight-line distance<1> beginning in Saint Thomas Didyme and extending to:
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The National Capital at Parliament Hill (Ottawa, ON) is 278 miles [447.4 km]<1> to the south southwest (SSW). If you could drive a straight line from Saint Thomas Didyme to Parliament Hill, with an average speed<2>of 63 miles [101.4 km] per hour, it would take four to five hours to make the trip. A comfortable walk of 2.2 miles [3.5 km] per hour would take 16 days. A horse and buggy averaging 3.2 miles [5.1 km] per hour would take 11 days.
The shortest distance<3> to Jerusalem (specifically the Temple Mount and the Dome of the Rock) is 5,316 miles [8,555.3 km] and it lies to the east northeast (ENE).<4>
The distance to the Great Mosque of Mecca (specifically the Ka'bah - or Kaaba ) is 6,051 miles [9,738.1 km] and it lies to the east northeast (ENE).<5>
The distance to Saint Peter's Basilica (The Vatican) is 3,934 miles [6,331.2 km] and it lies to the east northeast (ENE).<6>
Our distances are not driving distances, but are calculated as a 'straight-line' distance. A straight line distance ignores obstructions like rivers, canyons, lakes, et cetera - it's truly a line drawn from Point A (ie- Saint Thomas Didyme) to Point B.
If you need the driving distance (or directions), we recommend that you use one of the Mapping Services listed on our Map Page for Saint Thomas Didyme. Since we usually use Google Maps for our own planning, we've provided the following link for your convenience: Google Map and Driving Directions starting from Saint Thomas Didyme
Our distance measurements begin at a specific point in Saint Thomas Didyme. The point we use is located at these GPS coordinates - Latitude: 48.9000, Longitude: -72.6667
While we have tried to pick reasonable speeds, the rate of travel is very theoretical - obstacles like fences, hills, lakes, river crossings and rest stops have been ignored. When we say 'Days' of travel, we're assuming 8 hours of travel per day.
The shortest line can be visualized by stretching a string on a Globe from Point A to Point B - this is known as a Great Circle Route. Where you might expect the shortest route from Saint Thomas Didyme to the Middle East to be East and South, the Great Circle Route actually lies to the North and East.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to Jerusalem is 303.877 degrees.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to Mecca is 300.591 degrees.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to the Vatican is 297.82 degrees.