We spend a lot of time looking through Gazetteers & Almanacs that were published in the late 1800's and early 1900's. Many of the Gazetteers include the distance from a community such as Atikamakw Pachistiwakan to various places of note, such as Parliament Hill.
With a nod to our favorite Gazetteers, the straight-line distance<1> beginning in Atikamakw Pachistiwakan and extending to:
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The National Capital at Parliament Hill (Ottawa, ON) is 654 miles [1,052.5 km]<1> to the south (S). If you could drive a straight line from Atikamakw Pachistiwakan to Parliament Hill, with an average speed<2>of 63 miles [101.4 km] per hour, it would take just over a day to make the trip. A comfortable walk of 2.2 miles [3.5 km] per hour would take 38 days. A horse and buggy averaging 3.2 miles [5.1 km] per hour would take 26 days.
The shortest distance<3> to Jerusalem (specifically the Temple Mount and the Dome of the Rock) is 5,154 miles [8,294.6 km] and it lies to the east northeast (ENE).<4>
The distance to the Great Mosque of Mecca (specifically the Ka'bah - or Kaaba ) is 5,908 miles [9,508 km] and it lies to the east northeast (ENE).<5>
The distance to Saint Peter's Basilica (The Vatican) is 3,823 miles [6,152.5 km] and it lies to the east northeast (ENE).<6>
Our distances are not driving distances, but are calculated as a 'point-to-point' distance. A straight line distance ignores things like rivers, canyons, lakes, et cetera - it's truly a line from Point A (ie- Atikamakw Pachistiwakan) to Point B.
Our distance measurements begin at a specific point in Atikamakw Pachistiwakan. The point we use is located at these GPS coordinates - Latitude: 54.8833, Longitude: -74.6167
While we have tried to pick reasonable speeds, the rate of travel is very theoretical - obstacles like fences, hills, lakes, river crossings and rest stops have been ignored. When we say 'Days' of travel, we're assuming 8 hours of travel per day.
The shortest line can be visualized by stretching a string on a Globe from Point A to Point B - this is known as a Great Circle Route. Where you might expect the shortest route from Atikamakw Pachistiwakan to the Middle East to be East and South, the Great Circle Route actually lies to the North and East.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to Jerusalem is 303.988 degrees.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to Mecca is 301.787 degrees.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to the Vatican is 295.407 degrees.