We spend a lot of time looking through Gazetteers & Almanacs that were published in the late 1800's and early 1900's. Many of the Gazetteers include the distance from a community such as Anayapuskauch to various places of note, such as Parliament Hill.
With a nod to our favorite Gazetteers, the straight-line distance<1> beginning in Anayapuskauch and extending to:
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The National Capital at Parliament Hill (Ottawa, ON) is 690 miles [1,110.4 km]<1> to the south (S). If you could drive a straight line from Anayapuskauch to Parliament Hill, with an average speed<2>of 63 miles [101.4 km] per hour, it would take just about two full days to make the trip. A comfortable walk of 2.2 miles [3.5 km] per hour would take 40 days. A horse and buggy averaging 3.2 miles [5.1 km] per hour would take 27 days.
The shortest distance<3> to Jerusalem (specifically the Temple Mount and the Dome of the Rock) is 5,149 miles [8,286.5 km] and it lies to the northeast (NE).<4>
The distance to the Great Mosque of Mecca (specifically the Ka'bah - or Kaaba ) is 5,904 miles [9,501.6 km] and it lies to the east northeast (ENE).<5>
The distance to Saint Peter's Basilica (The Vatican) is 3,824 miles [6,154.1 km] and it lies to the east northeast (ENE).<6>
Our distances are not driving distances, but are calculated as a 'straight-line' (or point-to-point) distance. A straight line distance ignores things like rivers, canyons, lakes, et cetera - it's truly a line from Point A (ie- Anayapuskauch) to Point B.
Our distance measurements begin at a specific point in Anayapuskauch. The point we use is located at these GPS coordinates - Latitude: 55.4167, Longitude: -75.0833
While we have tried to pick reasonable speeds, the rate of travel is very theoretical - obstacles like fences, hills, lakes, river crossings and rest stops have been ignored. When we say 'Days' of travel, we're assuming 8 hours of travel per day.
The shortest line can be visualized by stretching a string on a Globe from Point A to Point B - this is known as a Great Circle Route. Where you might expect the shortest route from Anayapuskauch to the Middle East to be East and South, the Great Circle Route actually lies to the North and East.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to Jerusalem is 304.208 degrees.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to Mecca is 302.124 degrees.
The calculated bearing (or angle) to the Vatican is 295.379 degrees.