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New Cumberland, Pennsylvania

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Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for New Cumberland: 1215152

GNIS ID for Cumberland County: 1209176

GNIS ID for Pennsylvania: 1779798

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to New Cumberland:

Place (Community) Code:  53464
State Code:  42 (Pennsylvania)
County Code:  041 (Cumberland County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  42/53464
State/County Code:  42/041

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Pennsylvania:    42   1779798
Cumberland County:    42/041   1209176
New Cumberland:    42/53464   1215152

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of New Cumberland, it is a point within New Cumberland that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For New Cumberland, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   40° 13' 47"   (or 40.23°)

Lon:   -76° 52' 31"   (or -76.88°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for New Cumberland - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For New Cumberland, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   40° 13' 43"   (or 40.23°)

Lon:   -76° 52' 41"   (or -76.88°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 858 feet to the southwest<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   40° 13' 44"   (or 40.23°)

Lon:   -76° 52' 26"   (or -76.87°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 1,204 feet to the east<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. New Cumberland is located in Region #1 (the Northeast Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. New Cumberland is located in Division #2 (the Middle Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. New Cumberland is located in Region III (Region 3).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. New Cumberland is located in Region III (Region 3).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1213640   (Name of Record: New Cumberland)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Cumberland

Map Name: Lemoyne

Lat: 40.2323122       Lon: -76.8846956   [Map]

Elev: 119 ft.


GNIS ID #1215152   (Name of Record: Borough of New Cumberland)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Cumberland

Map Name: Lemoyne

Lat: 40.2298123       Lon: -76.8755287   [Map]

Elev: 111 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 42/53464   (Place Name: New Cumberland)

County: Cumberland     (FIPS State/County: 42/041)

Class: C5

GSA Code: 5810

MRF Code: 6756

MSA Code: 3240

Other Roadside Stops ...

Search for a Pennsylvania Community

About Cumberland County

About Pennsylvania

Off-the-Road Links ...

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for New Cumberland. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Pennsylvania: https://www.pa.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 116 degrees and a distance of 858 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 276 degrees and a distance of 1,204 feet.




 

 

 


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This page was last modified: 27 Apr 2022