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Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Manns Choice: 1214900

GNIS ID for Bedford County: 1209171

GNIS ID for Pennsylvania: 1779798

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies worked together to create a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Manns Choice:

Place (Community) Code:  46944
State Code:  42 (Pennsylvania)
County Code:  009 (Bedford County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  42/46944
State/County Code:  42/009

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of Pennsylvania:    42   1779798
Bedford County:    42/009   1209171
Manns Choice:    42/46944   1214900

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Manns Choice, it is a point within Manns Choice that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Manns Choice, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   39° 59' 11"   (or 39.99°)

Lon:   -78° 35' 4"   (or -78.58°)  

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Manns Choice - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Manns Choice, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   40° 0' 12"   (or 40°)

Lon:   -78° 35' 28"   (or -78.59°)  

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 6,470 feet to the north<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   40° 0' 10"   (or 40°)

Lon:   -78° 35' 29"   (or -78.59°)  

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 229.6 feet to the south<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Manns Choice is located in Region #1 (the Northeast Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Manns Choice is located in Division #2 (the Middle Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Manns Choice is located in Region III (Region 3).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Manns Choice is located in Region III (Region 3).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #1180282   (Name of Record: Manns Choice)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Bedford

Map Name: Bedford

Lat: 40.002581       Lon: -78.59113  

Elev: 365 ft.


GNIS ID #1214900   (Name of Record: Borough of Manns Choice)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Bedford

Map Name: Rainsburg

Lat: 39.9864703       Lon: -78.5844631  

Elev: 445 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 42/46944   (Place Name: Manns Choice)

County: Bedford     (FIPS State/County: 42/009)

Class: C5

GSA Code: 4805

MRF Code: 6245

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Manns Choice. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Pennsylvania: https://www.pa.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 16 degrees and a distance of 6,470 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 164 degrees and a distance of 229.6 feet.









 

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This page was last modified/updated: 20 Jul 2024