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Welcome to Fairfield ...

Fairfield is located in Adams County<1>.

While we don't have a date for the founding of Fairfield, you might consider that their post office opened  in 1798.

From the  Census Estimates for 2019, Fairfield has a population of 517 people<2> (see below for details).

Fairfield is 590 feet [180 m] above sea level.<3>.

Time Zone: Fairfield lies in the Eastern Time Zone (EST/EDT) and observes daylight saving time

Fairfield is located in the (717) area code.

The ZIP code for Fairfield: 17320<4>

Population Details ...

Taken from the 2019 Census Estimates, Fairfield had an population of 517 people. This is an increase of 1.97% since the 2010 Census (or an increase of 6.38% since the 2000 Census).

At the time of the 2010 Census, Fairfield had a population of 507 people. This makes Fairfield the county's 13th most populous community.

With a 2010 count of 507 people, the population of Fairfield increased 4.32% from the 2000 Census (with a count of 486 people).

More information can be found on the Census Page for Fairfield.

Communities Also Named Fairfield ...

While we believe that this Fairfield is located in Adams County, we know of another 5 Pennsylvania communities named Fairfield. Those communities are located in the following counties: Erie, Lancaster, Lycoming, Washington and Westmoreland County.

Beyond Pennsylvania, there are 91 communities that are also named Fairfield - they are located in Alabama (4), Arkansas (2), British Columbia (2), California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida (3), Georgia (5), Idaho, Illinois (2), Indiana (3), Iowa, Kansas (2), Kentucky (2), Louisiana (2), Maine, Maryland (3), Massachusetts, Michigan (2), Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Jersey (2), New Mexico, New York (2), North Carolina (4), North Dakota, Ohio (3), Oklahoma, Ontario (3), Oregon (2), Prince Edward Island, South Carolina, Tennessee (6), Texas (2), Utah (2), Vermont, Virginia (4), Washington (2), West Virginia and Wisconsin.

For more information, see our Tidbits & Trivia Page for Fairfield.

Communities near Fairfield ...

We have created a list of 10 communities that are near Fairfield.

  • Chambersburg
    (18 miles [29 km] to the northwest)
  • Waynesboro
    (10 miles [16.1 km] to the west)
  • Gettysburg
    (8 miles [12.9 km] to the northeast)
  • Thurmont
    (11 miles [17.7 km] to the south)
    • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Thurmont
    • Thurmont is located in Frederick County (MD)
    • Population from the 2020 Census: 7,070 people
    • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Thurmont <5>
  • Taneytown
    (13 miles [20.9 km] to the southeast)
  • Shippensburg
    (19 miles [30.6 km] to the north)
    • Note: The GPS coordinates that we are using for Shippensburg have been provided by the GNIS.<6> The coordinates still need to be verified.
    • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Shippensburg
    • Shippensburg is located in Cumberland County
    • Population from the 2020 Census: 5,682 people
    • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Shippensburg <5>
  • Littlestown
    (15 miles [24.1 km] to the east)
  • Greencastle
    (18 miles [29 km] to the west)
  • Emmitsburg
    (5 miles [8 km] to the southeast)
    • Note: The GPS coordinates that we are using for Emmitsburg have been provided by the GNIS.<6> The coordinates still need to be verified.
    • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Emmitsburg
    • Emmitsburg is located in Frederick County (MD)
    • Population from the 2020 Census: 3,270 people
    • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Emmitsburg <5>
  • McSherrystown
    (19 miles [30.6 km] to the east)
    • Note: The GPS coordinates that we are using for McSherrystown have been provided by the GNIS.<6> The coordinates still need to be verified.
    • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for McSherrystown
    • McSherrystown is located in Adams County
    • Population from the 2020 Census: 3,080 people
    • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for McSherrystown <5>

To Help With Your Genealogy Research ...

We have a couple of sections for those tracing their genealogy.

We created a list of cemeteries that are in the area around Fairfield. Our list includes the location of those cemeteries and we provide an overhead view. See our Cemetery List for Fairfield.

Using the information from an 1895 Atlas, we've created a list of communities that were in the area of Fairfield. Our list includes information such as whether the 1895 community had a post office or railroad service. See our List of 1890's Communities around Fairfield.

We also have a detailed list of newspapers that have been published in the area around Fairfield. See our Newspapers Page for Fairfield.

TripAdvisor Tourism Pages for Fairfield ...

Looking for more information about Fairfield? A wonderful source is the TripAdvisor website. We always start with the TripAdvisor Tourism page, where you can read an overview with links that will help you find lodging, restaurants and attractions.

In addition to the Tourism page for Fairfield, there are neighboring communities that also have Tourism pages. More information about those communities can be found on our TripAdvisor Page for Fairfield.

Adding Fairfield to Our Gazetteer ...

We originally found mention of Fairfield in both the FIPS-55 and the GNIS. For more information, see the FIPS and GNIS Codes sections on our Miscellaneous Page.

From our notes, the earliest published mention we've found for Fairfield was in the document titled List of Post Offices from Cameron Blevins and Richard Helbock.<7>

From that list, the Fairfield post office opened in 1798.

We also found Fairfield in the book titled U.S. Post Offices (Oct. 1846).

For more details, see References and Mentions for Fairfield.

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Fairfield. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Pennsylvania:

Footnotes ...

<1>If you're interested in how the shape of Pennsylvania's counties, including Adams, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<2>Population counts have been provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. For more detail, please visit our Census Page for Fairfield.
<3>The elevation is an estimate for the area around Fairfield - it will be higher in some places and lower in others.
<4>ZIP Codes have been created by the United States Postal Service (USPS) as a way of grouping addresses to make delivery more efficient. The boundaries of the ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned, eliminated or overlapped with other ZIP Codes. So keep in mind that any given ZIP Code is only 'loosely' associated with a community (such as Fairfield). When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Fairfield or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).
<5>While we're fans and frequent users of TripAdvisor, you should know that we're also members of the TripAdvisor affiliate program.
<6>The location has been supplied by the Geographic Names Information System - which is maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). While these values should be definitive, we found that accuracy can vary and you should double-check the location if accuracy is required.
<7>A copy of their list with background information can be found at:


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This page was last modified/updated: 07 Apr 2024