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The 2000 Census showed that Elk County had a population of 35,112 people. This represented 0.29% of the total population of Pennsylvania, making it the state's 59th most populous county (out of 67 counties).

From the Census Estimates for 2009<1>, Elk had a population of 32,011 people. This is a decrease of 8.83% since the 2000 Census.

The following table shows the recent changes in population. Other than 2000, the population counts have been estimated by the Census Bureau.

Since 2000
Year-to-Year Change
201031,946-9.02%-0.2% since 2009
200932,011-8.83%-0.81% since 2008
200832,274-8.08%-1.12% since 2007
200732,638-7.05%-0.56% since 2006
200632,823-6.52%-1.21% since 2005
200533,225-5.37%-1.44% since 2004
200433,710-3.99%-0.99% since 2003
200334,046-3.04%-0.92% since 2002
200234,362-2.14%-1.14% since 2001
200134,757-1.01%-1.01% since 2000
200035,112The Last Census

Elk County had 18,115 Housing Units<2> at the time of the 2000 Census.

The 2000 Census shows that Elk County has a total area<3> of 832 square miles [2,155 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of that area is covered by water (3.58 square miles [9.27 km²]).

Using the above population and land area values, Elk County had a population density of 42.37 people per square mile [16.36 people/km²], making it the state's 60th most densely populated county (out of 67 counties).

US Census QuickFacts

The Census Bureau has created documents containing demographic information that are called QuickFacts. A QuickFact that is specific to Elk County is available. The QuickFact also contains a comparison between Elk and the state of Pennsylvania.

Click here for the Elk County QuickFact (QF-42047).

Below are some of the communities that are located in Elk County:

(2009 Est)
(2000 Census)
Change in
Saint MarysQF-426734413,31814,502-8.16%

Below are the counties that adjoin and form the boundaries of Elk County. A link to their specific Census QuickFact has been provided.

(2009 Est.)
(2000 Census)
Change in
CameronQF-42023   E5,1635,974-13.58%
ClearfieldQF-42033   S82,32483,382-1.27%
ForestQF-42053   W6,7754,94636.98%
JeffersonQF-42065   SW44,63445,932-2.83%
McKeanQF-42083   N43,19645,936-5.96%
WarrenQF-42123   NW40,63843,863-7.35%

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U.S. Census Bureau
Census QuickFact for Elk County

Footnotes ...

<1>On a yearly basis, the US Census Bureau creates an estimate of the county's population. Keep in mind that this is an estimate and not an actual count. The last physical count was the 2000 Census and the next count will be for the 2010 Census.

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<2>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

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<3>The area value has been supplied by the US Census Bureau and it can be different than the geographic boundaries of Elk. The value given by the Census Bureau reflects their statistical (or sampling) requirements.

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<4>All Quarter-dollar coin images from the United States Mint.

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