A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

New York, New York
(New York County)

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Census Data for New York ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave New York a population of 8,342,925 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave New York a population of 8,175,133 people.

The city of New York is located in New York County. The 2010 Census gave New York County; a population of 1,585,873 people. This means that New York had 515% of the county's total population, making it New York's most populous community.

At the same time, New York had a population of 19,378,102 people, meaning that New York had 42.19% of the total population of New York - making it the state's most populous community.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for New York has a total area of 468.5 square miles [1,213.4 km²]. Of this total, 302.6 square miles [783.8 km²] is land, with the balance (35.4%) being water (165.8 square miles [429.5 km²]).

New York County has a land area of 22.83 square miles [59.1 km²]. At 302.6 square miles [783.8 km²], New York has 1,325% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like New York, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
    • Things like population, area and housing for New York reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of New York might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   40° 39' 51"   (or 40.66°)
    • Lon:   -73° 56' 18"   (or -73.94°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, New York had 3,371,062 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 8,175,133 people, this averages 2.43 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows New York had a land area of 302.6 square miles [783.8 km²]. This translates to 7,195 Housing Units per square mile [2,778 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: New York had 3,200,912 Housing Units, a population of 8,008,278 people and a land area of 303.3 square miles [785.6 km²]. This gives a density of 2.5 people per Housing Unit and 6,826 Housing Units per square mile [2,635 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for New York and you need to be careful when comparing between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

New York County ...

The coastal city of New York is primarily located in New York County<4> and is the County Seat for New York County. A portion of New York extends into Bronx County.

The county had a population of 1,585,873 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 8,175,133 people, New York represented 515% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of New York has a population density of 17,450 people per square mile [6,737 people/km²], New York County averages 69,467 people per square mile [26,821 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for New York County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for New York, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of New York. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for New York or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of New York, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for New York.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   40.664274°   (or 40°39'51" N)
    • Lon:   -73.938500°   (or -73°56'18" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   40.704234°   (or 40°42'15" N)
    • Lon:   -73.917927°   (or -73°55'4" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 2 miles to the south<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2395220) to New York. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of New York. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   40.663833°   (or 40°39'49" N)
    • Lon:   -73.938484°   (or -73°56'18" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 160.8 feet to the north<6> of the point given by the GNIS for New York. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for New York.

Miscellaneous Information for New York ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either New York County or the city of New York:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to New York:
    • GNIS ID for New York: 2395220
    • GNIS ID for New York County: 974129
    • GNIS ID for State of New York: 1779796
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • New York is located in Census Region #1 (the Northeast Region) and Division #2 (the Middle Atlantic Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for New York.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Find a Community in New York

About New York County

About New York

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for New York:

The official website for State of New York:

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>If you're interested in how the shape of New York's counties, including New York, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 158 degrees and a distance of 2 miles.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 1 degrees and a distance of 160.8 feet.






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This page was last modified: 19 Jan 2022