A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Fulton, New York

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Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent numeric code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Fulton: 978979

GNIS ID for Oswego County: 974136

GNIS ID for New York: 1779796

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Fulton:

Place (Community) Code:  27815
State Code:  36 (New York)
County Code:  075 (Oswego County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  36/27815
State/County Code:  36/075

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of New York:    36   1779796
Oswego County:    36/075   974136
Fulton:    36/27815   978979

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Fulton, it is a point within Fulton that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Fulton, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   43° 19' 0"   (or 43.32°)

Lon:   -76° 24' 54"   (or -76.42°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Fulton - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Fulton, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   43° 18' 13"   (or 43.3°)

Lon:   -76° 23' 57"   (or -76.4°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 6,337 feet to the southeast<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   43° 19' 11"   (or 43.32°)

Lon:   -76° 24' 47"   (or -76.41°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 6,934 feet to the northwest<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Fulton is located in Region #1 (the Northeast Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Fulton is located in Division #2 (the Middle Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Fulton is located in Region II (Region 2).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Fulton is located in Region II (Region 2).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #950794   (Name of Record: Fulton)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Oswego

Map Name: Fulton

Lat: 43.3228462       Lon: -76.4171585   [Map]

Elev: 110 ft.

GNIS ID #978979   (Name of Record: City of Fulton)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Oswego

Map Name: Fulton

Lat: 43.3167351       Lon: -76.415214   [Map]

Elev: 102 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 36/27815   (Place Name: Fulton)

County: Oswego     (FIPS State/County: 36/075)

Class: C5

GSA Code: 2200

MRF Code: 1310

MSA Code: 8160

Other Roadside Stops ...

Cities, Towns and Villages of New York

About Oswego County

About New York

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Fulton:

The official website for Oswego County:

The official website for State of New York:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 221 degrees and a distance of 6,337 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 32 degrees and a distance of 6,934 feet.




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This page was last modified: 25 Jul 2022