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Roswell, New Mexico

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Welcome to Roswell ...

The city of Roswell is located in southeast New Mexico.

Roswell is located in Chaves County<1> and is the County Seat for Chaves County.

When the people of Roswell refer to themselves (known as a demonym), they frequently use Roswellite<2>

From the  Census Estimates for 2019, Roswell has a population of 47,526 people<3> (see below for details).

The community of Roswell was established in 1869.

Roswell is 3,610 feet [1,100 m] above sea level.<4> In other words, the elevation of Roswell is about ¾ mile [or ~1¼ km] above sea level.

Time Zone: Roswell lies in the Mountain Time Zone (MST/MDT) and observes daylight saving time

The telephone area code for Roswell: (575)

The ZIP code for Roswell: 88203<5>

Websites for Roswell ...

Official Website:

Chamber of Commerce:

Population Details ...

Taken from the 2019 Census Estimates, Roswell had an population of 47,526 people. This is a decrease of 1.74% since the 2010 Census (or an increase of 4.93% since the 2000 Census).

At the time of the 2010 Census, Roswell had a population of 48,366 people (which is 73.68% of the total population of Chaves County). This makes Roswell the county's most populous community.

The population of Roswell represents 2.35% of the total population of New Mexico (which has 2,059,179 people), making it the state's 5th most populous community.

With a 2010 count of 48,366 people, the population of Roswell increased 6.78% from the 2000 Census (which had a count of 45,293 people).

More information can be found on the Census Page for Roswell.

Communities Also Named Roswell ...

Using our Gazetteer, we have found that there are 9 communities that are also named Roswell - they are located in Alabama, Colorado, Georgia (2), Idaho, Missouri, Ohio, South Dakota and Texas.

For more information, see our Tidbits & Trivia Page for Roswell.

Communities near Roswell ...

We have created a list of 7 communities that are near Roswell.

  • Dexter [Chaves County]
    • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Dexter
    • Dexter [Chaves County] lies 16 miles [25.7 km]<6> to the southeast of Roswell
    • Population from the 2020 Census: 1,244 people
    • Note: The GPS coordinates that we are using for Dexter have been provided by the GNIS.<7> The coordinates still need to be verified.
    • Jump to Google Maps centered on Dexter
    • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Dexter<8>
  • Hagerman [Chaves County]
    • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Hagerman
    • Hagerman [Chaves County] lies 22 miles [35.4 km]<6> to the southeast of Roswell
    • Population from the 2020 Census: 1,226 people
    • Jump to Google Maps centered on Hagerman
    • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Hagerman<8>
  • Lake Arthur [Chaves County]
    • Jump to our Gazetteer entry for Lake Arthur
    • Lake Arthur [Chaves County] lies 28 miles [45.1 km]<6> to the south of Roswell
    • Population from the 2020 Census: 422 people
    • Jump to Google Maps centered on Lake Arthur
    • Jump to TripAdvisor's Tourism page for Lake Arthur<8>
  • Picacho [Lincoln County]
  • Continue List   (3 more) ...

To Help With Your Genealogy Research ...

We have a couple of sections for those tracing their genealogy.

We created a list of cemeteries that are in the area around Roswell. Our list includes the location of those cemeteries and we provide an overhead view. See our Cemetery List for Roswell.

Using the information from an 1895 Atlas, we've created a list of communities that were in the area of Roswell. Our list includes information such as whether the 1895 community had a post office or railroad service. See our List of 1890's Communities around Roswell.

We also have a detailed list of newspapers that have been published in the area around Roswell. Our list includes 25 papers. See our Newspapers Page for Roswell.

TripAdvisor Tourism Pages for Roswell ...

Looking for more information about Roswell? A wonderful source is the TripAdvisor website. We always start with the TripAdvisor Tourism page, where you can read an overview with links that will help you find lodging, restaurants and attractions.

In addition to the Tourism page for Roswell, there are neighboring communities that also have Tourism pages. More information about those communities can be found on our TripAdvisor Page for Roswell.

Adding Roswell to Our Gazetteer ...

We originally found mention of Roswell in both the FIPS-55 and the GNIS. For more information, see the FIPS and GNIS Codes sections on our Miscellaneous Page.

In addition, our notes show that the earliest dated mention that we've found for Roswell was in the Business Atlas and Shippers' Guide (1895).

We also found Roswell on a map titled Rand McNally Map of New Mexico (1920).

For more details about the above, see References and Mentions for Roswell on our Genealogy Page.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Search for a Community located in New Mexico

About Chaves County

About New Mexico

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Roswell:

The official website for Chaves County:

The official website for State of New Mexico:

Footnotes ...

<1>If you're interested in how the shape of New Mexico's counties, including Chaves, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<2>A demonym is the name for a resident of a community which is usually derived from (or is related to) the name of that community. In other words, it's how the residents of Roswell refer to themselves. It's important to note that there aren't any rules for taking a city's name and turning it into a demonym. A demonym is informal and while the majority of Roswell may use one name, keep in mind that others may use something different.
<3>Population counts have been provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. For more detail, please visit our Census Page for Roswell.
<4>The elevation is an estimate for the area around Roswell - it will be higher in some places and lower in others.
<5>ZIP Codes have been created by the United States Postal Service (USPS) as a way of grouping addresses to make delivery more efficient. The boundaries of the ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned, eliminated or overlapped with other ZIP Codes. So keep in mind that any given ZIP Code is only 'loosely' associated with a city (such as Roswell). When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Roswell or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).
<6>Our distances are not driving distances, but are calculated as a 'straight-line' distance. A straight line distance ignores obstructions like rivers, canyons, lakes, et cetera - it's truly a line from Point A (ie- Roswell) to Point B.If you need the driving distance, we recommend that you use one of the Mapping Services listed on our Map Page for Roswell. Since we usually use Google Maps for our own planning, we've provided the following link: Google Map and Driving Directions starting from RoswellOur distance measurements begin at a specific point in Roswell. The point we use is located at these GPS coordinates - Latitude: 33.3943, Longitude: -104.5227    
<7>The location has been supplied by the Geographic Names Information System - which is maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). While these values should be definitive, we have found that accuracy can vary and you should double-check the location if accuracy is required.
<8>While we're fans and frequent users of TripAdvisor, you should know that we're also members of the TripAdvisor affiliate program.






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This page was last modified: 27 Apr 2022