Census Data for Fargo ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Fargo a population of 124,662 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Fargo a population of 105,549 people.
The city of Fargo is located in Cass County. The 2010 Census gave Cass County; a population of 149,778 people. This means that Fargo had 70.5% of the county's total population, making it Cass' most populous community.
At the same time, North Dakota had a population of 672,591 people, meaning that Fargo had 15.69% of the total population of North Dakota - making it the state's most populous community.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Fargo has a total area of 48.82 square miles [126.4 km²].
Cass County has a land area of 1,764 square miles [4,571.2 km²]. At 48.82 square miles [126.4 km²], Fargo has 2.77% of the county's total land area.
- Continue Reading ...
- When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Fargo, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
- Things like population, area and housing for Fargo reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Fargo might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
- Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
- Lat: 46° 51' 54" (or 46.87°)
- Lon: -96° 49' 44" (or -96.83°)
- More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Fargo had 49,956 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 105,549 people, this averages 2.11 people per Housing Unit.
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- The 2010 Census shows Fargo had a land area of 48.82 square miles [126.4 km²]. This translates to 1,023 Housing Units per square mile [395.1 housing units/km²].
- From the Census of 2000: Fargo had 41,200 Housing Units, a population of 90,599 people and a land area of 37.94 square miles [98.3 km²]. This gives a density of 2.2 people per Housing Unit and 1,086 Housing Units per square mile [419.3 housing units/km²].
- Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Fargo and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Cass County ...
Fargo is located in Cass County<4> and is the County Seat for Cass County.
The county had a population of 149,778 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 105,549 people, Fargo represented 70.5% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Fargo has a population density of 2,161 people per square mile [834 people/km²], Cass County averages 84.9 people per square mile [32.77 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Cass County.
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Fargo, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Fargo. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.
- Continue Reading ...
- Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Fargo or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
- If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Fargo, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Fargo.
- Continue Reading ...
- For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
- Lat: 46.865206° (or 46°51'54" N)
- Lon: -96.829005° (or -96°49'44" W)
- For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
- Lat: 46.871414° (or 46°52'17" N)
- Lon: -96.808658° (or -96°48'31" W)
- The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 5,553 feet to the southwest<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
- The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#1036030) to Fargo. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Fargo. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
- Lat: 46.876632° (or 46°52'35" N)
- Lon: -96.817582° (or -96°49'3" W)
- The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 5,045 feet to the southwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Fargo. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Fargo.
Miscellaneous Information for Fargo ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Cass County or the city of Fargo:
- The GNIS Codes ...
- The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Fargo:
- GNIS ID for Fargo: 1036030
- GNIS ID for Cass County: 1034226
- GNIS ID for State of North Dakota: 1779797
- Misc. Census Codes ...
- Fargo is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Fargo.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Index of Cities, Towns and Villages for North Dakota
About Cass County
About North Dakota
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website for Fargo: www.ci.fargo.nd.us/
The official website for Cass County: www.co.cass.nd.us/
The official website for State of North Dakota: www.nd.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
|<1>||Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.|
|<2>||Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.|
|<3>||A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).|
|<4>||If you're interested in how the shape of North Dakota's counties, including Cass, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.|
|<5>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 114 degrees and a distance of 5,553 feet.|
|<6>||The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 145 degrees and a distance of 5,045 feet.|