A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Oxford, Mississippi
(Lafayette County)

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Census Data for Oxford ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2019 and it gave Oxford a population of 28,122 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Oxford a population of 18,916 people.

The city of Oxford is located in Lafayette County. The 2010 Census gave Lafayette County; a population of 47,351 people. This means that Oxford had 39.95% of the county's total population, making it Lafayette's most populous community.

At the same time, Mississippi had a population of 2,967,297 people, meaning that Oxford had 0.64% of the total population of Mississippi - making it the state's 20th most populous community.

Area ...

The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Oxford has a total area of 15.86 square miles [41.1 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.03 square miles [0.1 km²]).

Lafayette County has a land area of 631 square miles [1,636.1 km²]. At 15.83 square miles [41 km²], Oxford has 2.51% of the county's total land area.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Oxford, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
    • Things like population, area and housing for Oxford reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Oxford might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
    • Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
    • Lat:   34° 21' 41"   (or 34.36°)
    • Lon:   -89° 31' 40"   (or -89.53°)
    • More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Oxford had 11,085 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 18,916 people, this averages 1.71 people per Housing Unit.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • The 2010 Census shows Oxford had a land area of 15.83 square miles [41 km²]. This translates to 698 Housing Units per square mile [269.8 housing units/km²].
    • From the Census of 2000: Oxford had 6,137 Housing Units, a population of 11,756 people and a land area of 9.97 square miles [25.8 km²]. This gives a density of 1.92 people per Housing Unit and 615 Housing Units per square mile [237.5 housing units/km²].
    • Note: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2010 Census and the 2000 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Oxford and you need to be careful when comparing numbers between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Lafayette County ...

The community of Oxford is located in Lafayette County<4> and is the County Seat for Lafayette County.

The county had a population of 47,351 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 18,916 people, Oxford represented 39.95% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Oxford has a population density of 1,192 people per square mile [460.4 people/km²], Lafayette County averages 75 people per square mile [28.94 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Lafayette County.

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Oxford, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Oxford. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • Although we don't have specific information about the shape of the polygon for Oxford or how it changed has over time, there is some information that can give us some hints. For example, since the shape of the sampling area is directly related to the shape of the polygon, any change to area probably indicates a new shape for the polygon.
    • If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Oxford, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Oxford.

  • Continue Reading ...
    • For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
    • Lat:   34.361534°   (or 34°21'41" N)
    • Lon:   -89.527966°   (or -89°31'40" W)
    • For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
    • Lat:   34.359837°   (or 34°21'35" N)
    • Lon:   -89.526242°   (or -89°31'34" W)
    • The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 807 feet to the northwest<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
    • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2404454) to Oxford. This identifier also marks a GPS point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Oxford. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
    • Lat:   34.364128°   (or 34°21'50" N)
    • Lon:   -89.523339°   (or -89°31'24" W)
    • The GPS location given for the 2010 Census lies 1,683 feet to the southwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Oxford. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Oxford.

Miscellaneous Information for Oxford ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Lafayette County or the city of Oxford:

  • The GNIS Codes ...
    • The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Oxford:
    • GNIS ID for Oxford: 2404454
    • GNIS ID for Lafayette County: 695759
    • GNIS ID for State of Mississippi: 1779790
  • Misc. Census Codes ...
    • Oxford is located in Census Region #3 (the South Region) and Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Oxford.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Communities in Mississippi

About Lafayette County

About Mississippi

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website for Oxford:

The official website for State of Mississippi:

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2019.
<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.
<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).
<4>If you're interested in how the shape of Mississippi's counties, including Lafayette, have changed over time, we recommend the Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.
<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 39 degrees and a distance of 807 feet.
<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 124 degrees and a distance of 1,683 feet.






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This page was last modified: 17 Jan 2021