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Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Bay Springs: 2403827

GNIS ID for Jasper County: 695754

GNIS ID for Mississippi: 1779790

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies worked together to create a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Bay Springs:

Place (Community) Code:  04060
State Code:  28 (Mississippi)
County Code:  061 (Jasper County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  28/04060
State/County Code:  28/061

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of Mississippi:    28   1779790
Jasper County:    28/061   695754
Bay Springs:    28/04060   2403827

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Bay Springs, it is a point within Bay Springs that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Bay Springs, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   31° 58' 38"   (or 31.98°)

Lon:   -89° 16' 45"   (or -89.28°)  

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Bay Springs - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Bay Springs, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   31° 58' 39"   (or 31.98°)

Lon:   -89° 16' 50"   (or -89.28°)  

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 512 feet to the west<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   31° 58' 36"   (or 31.98°)

Lon:   -89° 16' 46"   (or -89.28°)  

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 509 feet to the southeast<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Bay Springs is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Bay Springs is located in Division #6 (the East South-Central Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Bay Springs is located in Region IV (Region 4).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Bay Springs is located in Region IV (Region 4).

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #666590   (Name of Record: Bay Springs)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Jasper

Map Name: Bay Springs

Lat: 31.9790425       Lon: -89.2872843  

Elev: 129 ft.


GNIS ID #2403827   (Name of Record: City of Bay Springs)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Jasper

Map Name: Bay Springs

Lat: 31.9773248       Lon: -89.279176  

Elev: 128 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 28/04060   (Place Name: Bay Springs)

County: Jasper     (FIPS State/County: 28/061)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Bay Springs) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Jasper County).

GSA Code: 140

MRF Code: 65

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Bay Springs. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Mississippi: https://www.ms.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 73 degrees and a distance of 512 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 226 degrees and a distance of 509 feet.









 

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This page was last modified/updated: 22 Feb 2024