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Marshall, Missouri

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Census Data for Marshall ...

Population ...

The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2017 and it gives Marshall a population of 12,708 people.

The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, giving Marshall a population of 13,065 people.

The city of Marshall is located in Saline County. The 2010 Census gave Saline County a population of 23,370 people. This means that Marshall had 55.9% of the county's total population, making it Saline's most populous community.

At the same time, Missouri had a population of 5,988,927 people, meaning that Marshall had 0.22% of the total population of Missouri - making it the state's 55th most populous community.

Area ...

When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Marshall, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this is called a sampling area (or a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.

Things like the population, area and housing for Marshall reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Marshall might be slightly different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau if you need precision.

The 2010 Census shows that the sample polygon for Marshall has a total area of 10.27 square miles [26.6 km²]. Of this total, a small amount of the area is covered by water (0.06 square miles [0.1 km²]).

Saline County has a land area of 755 square miles [1,956.7 km²]. At 10.22 square miles [26.5 km²], Marshall has 1.35% of the county's total land area.

Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually at the center of the polygon). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:

Lat:   39° 6' 49"   (or 39.11°)             [Map]

Lon:   -93° 12' 8"   (or -93.2°)

More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Population Density ...

Using the population (13,065 people) and land area (10.22 square miles [26.5 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Marshall had a population density of 1,271 people per square mile [491 people/km²].

In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Marshall had a population of 12,433 people and a land area of 10.15 square miles [26.3 km²]. This gives a population density of 1,216 people per square mile [469.6 people/km²]

NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Marshall. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an apple-to-oranges comparison. More information about the changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Housing Units ...

At the time of the 2010 Census, Marshall had 5,276 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 13,065 people, this averages 2.48 people per Housing Unit.

The 2010 Census shows Marshall had a land area of 10.22 square miles [26.5 km²]. This translates to 513 Housing Units per square mile [198.3 housing units/km²].

From the Census of 2000: Marshall had 5,127 Housing Units, a population of 12,433 people and a land area of 10.15 square miles [26.3 km²]. This gives a density of 2.43 people per Housing Unit and 501 Housing Units per square mile [193.7 housing units/km²].

NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Marshall and you need to be careful when comparing results between the censuses. More information about the nature of these the changes can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).

Saline County ...

The community of Marshall is located in Saline County and is the County Seat for Saline County.

The county had a population of 23,370 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 13,065 people, Marshall represented 55.9% of the county's total.

In addition, where the city of Marshall has a population density of 1,271 people per square mile [491 people/km²], Saline County averages 30.93 people per square mile [11.94 people/km²].

For more information, please visit our Census Page for Saline County.

Population Rings for Marshall ...

To help identify the number of people who live in Marshall and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Marshall. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>

  Radius   No of
  Since 2010    
5 mi   [8 km]112,708-2.73%
10 mi   [16 km]414,808-2.95%
15 mi   [24 km]1217,297-3.04%
20 mi   [32 km]1920,373-2.77%
25 mi   [40 km]2930,195-3.2%
30 mi   [48 km]4472,881-1.35%

Census-to-Census Observations ...

Introduction ...

When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Marshall, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Marshall. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.

Area ...

The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 0.51% larger than the 2000 Census.

The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Marshall was 10.27 square miles [26.6 km²]. Of this total, 10.22 square miles [26.5 km²] is land, with the balance (0.55%) being water (0.06 square miles [0.1 km²]).

The 2000 Census shows a total area of 10.22 square miles [26.5 km²]. Of this total, 10.15 square miles [26.3 km²] is land, with the balance (0.74%) being water (0.08 square miles [0.2 km²]).

Location ...

While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Marshall, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Marshall.

For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:

Lat:   39.113855°   (or 39°6'49" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -93.202492°   (or -93°12'8" W)

For the 2000 Census, the location given was:

Lat:   39.116210°   (or 39°6'58" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -93.197854°   (or -93°11'52" W)

The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 1,567 feet to the southwest<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2395023) to Marshall. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Marshall. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:

Lat:   39.114435°   (or 39°6'51" N)             [Map]

Lon:   -93.201016°   (or -93°12'3" W)

The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 468 feet to the southwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Marshall. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Marshall.

Miscellaneous Information for Marshall ...

The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has referenced one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Saline County or the city of Marshall:

The GNIS Codes ...

The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Marshall:

GNIS ID for Marshall: 2395023

GNIS ID for Saline County: 758550

GNIS ID for Missouri: 1779791

The FIPS Codes ...

An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):

State Code: 29 (Missouri)

County Code: 195 (Saline County)

Place Code: 46316 (Marshall)

State & County Code: 29/195 (Missouri / Saline County)

State & Place Code: 29/46316 (Missouri / Marshall)

Misc. Census Codes ...

Marshall is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).

The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Marshall, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Marshall. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Marshall: 65340<7>

Census ZCTA Codes ...

The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).

ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.

For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Marshall.

Other Roadside Stops ...

Search for a Community located in Missouri

About Saline County

About Missouri

Off-the-Road Links ...

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website for Marshall:

The official website for State of Missouri:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Footnotes ...

<1>Every year, the US Census Bureau creates a population estimate for the preceeding year. Keep in mind that this value is an estimate and not an actual count. The most recent Census estimate is for the year 2017.

- Return to Citation

<2>Every 10 years (eg- 1990, 2000, 2010), the US Census Bureau conducts a Constitutionally-mandated count (or enumeration) of people living within the United States. This count is called a Decennial Census. The last Decennial Census was the 2010 Census, with the next one planned for 2020.

- Return to Citation

<3>A Housing Unit is a broad term for those places where people live (whether occupied or temporarily vacant), such as a house, an apartment, a mobile home, or an area that is considered as a separate living quarter. Separate living quarters (consisting of one or more rooms) are considered to be those places where people live, sleep and eat separately from others and that have access to the outside (either directly or by a shared hallway).

- Return to Citation

<4>The communities in our count are those provided by the 2010 Census, so keep in mind that our population rings will only include the people living in those communities. Smaller communities usually don't participate directly in the Census and therefore they won't be included. While our count is a close approximation, it shouldn't be considered as a complete or accurate count.

- Return to Citation

<5>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2010 Census location is 123 degrees and a distance of 1,567 feet.

- Return to Citation

<6>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS point is 116 degrees and a distance of 468 feet.

- Return to Citation

<7>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Marshall or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

- Return to Citation


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This page was last modified: 15 Oct 2018
By John Hall