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The Commemorative Quarter for Maine







Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, chose a new name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent number has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for South Berwick: 582732

GNIS ID for York County: 581301

GNIS ID for Maine: 1779787

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to South Berwick:

Place (Community) Code:  69995
State Code:  23 (Maine)
County Code:  031 (York County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  23/69995
State/County Code:  23/031

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of Maine:    23   1779787
York County:    23/031   581301
South Berwick:    23/69995   582732

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of South Berwick, it is a point within South Berwick that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For South Berwick, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   43° 14' 4"   (or 43.23°)

Lon:   -70° 48' 34"   (or -70.81°)  

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for South Berwick - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For South Berwick, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   43° 13' 49"   (or 43.23°)

Lon:   -70° 45' 8"   (or -70.75°)  

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 2 miles to the east<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   43° 14' 5"   (or 43.23°)

Lon:   -70° 46' 43"   (or -70.78°)  

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 7,168 feet to the west<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. South Berwick is located in Region #1 (the Northeast Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. South Berwick is located in Division #1 (the New England Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. South Berwick is located in Region I (Region 1).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. South Berwick is located in Region I (Region 1).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a community like South Berwick, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) South Berwick. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for South Berwick: 03908<3>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #575756   (Name of Record: South Berwick)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: York

Map Name: Dover East

Lat: 43.2345292       Lon: -70.8095018  

Elev: 34 ft.


GNIS ID #582732   (Name of Record: Town of South Berwick)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: York

Map Name: York Harbor

Lat: 43.2423078       Lon: -70.7453333  

Elev: 31 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 23/69995   (Place Name: South Berwick)

County: York     (FIPS State/County: 23/031)

Class: U6

Identifies a populated place (ie- South Berwick) that is wholly or substantially located outside the boundaries of any incorporated place or CDP (Census Designated Place) that has an authoritative common name recognized by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

GSA Code: 7450

MSA Code: 6450


FIPS Code: 23/70030   (Place Name: South Berwick (Town of))

County: York     (FIPS State/County: 23/031)

Class: T1

MSA Code: 6450

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for South Berwick. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for York County: www.co.york.me.us/

The official website for State of Maine: https://www.maine.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 264 degrees and a distance of 2 miles.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 77 degrees and a distance of 7,168 feet.
<3>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether South Berwick or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).









 

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This page was last modified/updated: 20 Jul 2024