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Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent numeric identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Old Orchard Beach: 582647

GNIS ID for York County: 581301

GNIS ID for Maine: 1779787

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Old Orchard Beach:

Place (Community) Code:  55120
State Code:  23 (Maine)
County Code:  031 (York County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  23/55120
State/County Code:  23/031

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of Maine:    23   1779787
York County:    23/031   581301
Old Orchard Beach:    23/55120   582647

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Old Orchard Beach, it is a point within Old Orchard Beach that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Old Orchard Beach, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   43° 31' 2"   (or 43.52°)

Lon:   -70° 22' 39"   (or -70.38°)  

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Old Orchard Beach - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Old Orchard Beach, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   43° 32' 7"   (or 43.54°)

Lon:   -70° 21' 12"   (or -70.35°)  

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 9,120 feet to the northeast<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   43° 30' 49"   (or 43.51°)

Lon:   -70° 23' 7"   (or -70.39°)  

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 2 miles to the southwest<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Old Orchard Beach is located in Region #1 (the Northeast Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Old Orchard Beach is located in Division #1 (the New England Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Old Orchard Beach is located in Region I (Region 1).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Old Orchard Beach is located in Region I (Region 1).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a community like Old Orchard Beach, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Old Orchard Beach. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Old Orchard Beach: 04064<3>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #580802   (Name of Record: Old Orchard Beach)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: York

Map Name: Old Orchard Beach

Lat: 43.5173066       Lon: -70.3775496  

Elev: 13 ft.


GNIS ID #582647   (Name of Record: Town of Old Orchard Beach)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: York

Map Name: Old Orchard Beach

Lat: 43.5270285       Lon: -70.3939388  

Elev: 31 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 23/55085   (Place Name: Old Orchard Beach (Town of))

County: York     (FIPS State/County: 23/031)

Class: T1

MSA Code: 6400


FIPS Code: 23/55120   (Place Name: Old Orchard Beach)

County: York     (FIPS State/County: 23/031)

Class: U1

GSA Code: 5750

MRF Code: 3400

MSA Code: 6400

The official website for Old Orchard Beach: www.oobmaine.com/

The official website for York County: www.co.york.me.us/

The official website for State of Maine: https://www.maine.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 315 degrees and a distance of 9,120 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 133 degrees and a distance of 2 miles.
<3>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Old Orchard Beach or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).









 

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This page was last modified/updated: 20 Jul 2024