A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada

Wilbraham, Massachusetts

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Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Wilbraham: 619390

GNIS ID for Hampden County: 606933

GNIS ID for Massachusetts: 606926

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Wilbraham:

Place (Community) Code:  79705
State Code:  25 (Massachusetts)
County Code:  013 (Hampden County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  25/79705
State/County Code:  25/013

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Massachusetts:    25   606926
Hampden County:    25/013   606933
Wilbraham:    25/79705   619390

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Wilbraham, it is a point within Wilbraham that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Wilbraham, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   42° 7' 25"   (or 42.12°)

Lon:   -72° 25' 53"   (or -72.43°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Wilbraham - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Wilbraham, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   42° 7' 36"   (or 42.13°)

Lon:   -72° 25' 51"   (or -72.43°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 1,167 feet to the north<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   42° 7' 31"   (or 42.13°)

Lon:   -72° 26' 26"   (or -72.44°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 2,664 feet to the west<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Wilbraham is located in Region #1 (the Northeast Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Wilbraham is located in Division #1 (the New England Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Wilbraham is located in Region I (Region 1).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Wilbraham is located in Region I (Region 1).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a community like Wilbraham, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Wilbraham. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Wilbraham: 01095<3>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #609368   (Name of Record: Wilbraham)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Hampden

Map Name: Hampden

Lat: 42.1237053       Lon: -72.4314731   [Map]

Elev: 85 ft.

GNIS ID #619390   (Name of Record: Town of Wilbraham)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Hampden

Map Name: Ludlow

Lat: 42.1334274       Lon: -72.4328621   [Map]

Elev: 74 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 25/79705   (Place Name: Wilbraham (census name for Wilbraham Center))

County: Hampden     (FIPS State/County: 25/013)

Class: U1

GSA Code: 1477

MRF Code: 4883

MSA Code: 8000

FIPS Code: 25/79740   (Place Name: Wilbraham (Town of))

County: Hampden     (FIPS State/County: 25/013)

Class: T1

MSA Code: 8000

Mentions & References for Wilbraham

Communities in Massachusetts

About Hampden County

About Massachusetts

The official website for Wilbraham:

The official website for State of Massachusetts:

The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 353 degrees and a distance of 1,167 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 102 degrees and a distance of 2,664 feet.
<3>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Wilbraham or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).




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This page was last modified: 15 Aug 2022