A Gazetteer for the United States and Canada
Missouri Valley, Iowa
Census Data for Missouri Valley ...
The most recent Census Estimate<1> was for 2018 and it gave Missouri Valley a population of 2,633 people.
The last Decennial Census<2> was in 2010, which gave Missouri Valley a population of 2,838 people.
The city of Missouri Valley is located in Harrison County. The 2010 Census gave Harrison County a population of 14,928 people. This means that Missouri Valley had 19.01% of the county's total population, making it Harrison's most populous community.
When the Census Bureau conducts a census for a city like Missouri Valley, they draw a boundary around the area in which they are going to conduct their count - this defines the sampling area (usually shaped as a polygon). The shape of the sampling area can be quite complex and it's important to keep in mind that the boundaries of the sampling area may or may not match the recognized boundaries of the city.
Things like the population, area and housing for Missouri Valley reflect the sampling area. Since the shape of the sampling area and the actual boundaries of Missouri Valley might be different, it's best to check with the U.S. Census Bureau to resolve any difference between the two.
The 2010 Census shows that the sampling area for Missouri Valley has a total area of 3.13 square miles [8.1 km²].
Harrison County has a land area of 696 square miles [1,804.8 km²]. At 3.13 square miles [8.1 km²], Missouri Valley has 0.45% of the county's total land area.
Not only does the sampling area define boundaries, it also has a GPS location (latitude & longitude) that indicates a point within the sampling area (usually the center of the polygon, known as the centroid). At the time of the 2010 Census, the sampling area was located at:
Lat: 41° 33' 28" (or 41.56°) [Map]
More information on this topic and the changes between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census can be found in the section for our Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Population Density ...
Using the population (2,838 people) and land area (3.13 square miles [8.1 km²]) values from the 2010 Census, Missouri Valley had a population density of 907 people per square mile [350.4 people/km²].
In comparison, the 2000 Census shows Missouri Valley had a population of 2,992 people and a land area of 3.04 square miles [7.9 km²]. This gives a population density of 982 people per square mile [379.5 people/km²]
NOTE: Be aware that when comparing population density between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Missouri Valley. You need to be careful when making such a comparison, the differences are likely to lead to an incorrect comparison. More information about the changes can be found in the section Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Housing Units ...
At the time of the 2010 Census, Missouri Valley had 1,291 Housing Units<3> and with its population of 2,838 people, this averages 2.2 people per Housing Unit.
The 2010 Census shows Missouri Valley had a land area of 3.13 square miles [8.1 km²]. This translates to 412.9 Housing Units per square mile [159.4 housing units/km²].
From the Census of 2000: Missouri Valley had 1,300 Housing Units, a population of 2,992 people and a land area of 3.04 square miles [7.9 km²]. This gives a density of 2.3 people per Housing Unit and 427.1 Housing Units per square mile [164.9 housing units/km²].
NOTE: Repeating the caution above (under Population Density), be aware that when comparing Housing Units between the 2000 Census and the 2010 Census, there were changes in the sampling area for Missouri Valley and you need to be careful when comparing values between the censuses. More information about these differences can be found in the section called Census-to-Census Observations ... (see below).
Harrison County ...
The community of Missouri Valley is located in Harrison County.
The county had a population of 14,928 people at the 2010 Census. With it's population of 2,838 people, Missouri Valley represented 19.01% of the county's total.
In addition, where the city of Missouri Valley has a population density of 907 people per square mile [350.4 people/km²], Harrison County averages 21.42 people per square mile [8.27 people/km²].
For more information, please visit our Census Page for Harrison County.
Population Rings for Missouri Valley ...
To help identify the number of people who live in Missouri Valley and the surrounding area, we have drawn concentric rings centered on Missouri Valley. We counted the number of communities within each ring and summed their populations.<4>
Census-to-Census Observations ...
When the Census Bureau takes a census count (or enumeration) for Missouri Valley, they start by specifying the boundaries of the area to be counted. This area (or sampling area) is a polygon and its shape can be quite complex - it may or may not match the geographical boundaries of Missouri Valley. It's important to note that from one Census to the next, the shape and location of the polygon can change. If you need precision or details about the methodology of the Census, you should visit the U.S. Census Bureau for a definitive answer.
The sampling area (or polygon) given for the 2010 Census is 2.72% larger than the 2000 Census.
The 2010 Census shows that the total area for Missouri Valley was 3.13 square miles [8.1 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
The 2000 Census shows a total area of 3.04 square miles [7.9 km²]. Of this total, only a minor amount of the area is covered by water.
While generally coinciding with the GPS location (latitude/longitude) of Missouri Valley, the latitude and longitude given by the Census Bureau actually indicates the GPS location of the polygon for Missouri Valley.
For the 2010 Census, the location was given as:
Lat: 41.557823° (or 41°33'28" N) [Map]
For the 2000 Census, the location given was:
Lat: 41.558912° (or 41°33'32" N) [Map]
The difference indicates that the U.S. Census Bureau moved the location of the polygon for the 2010 Census 2,352 feet to the west<5> of the location that was used in the 2000 Census.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) have assigned a unique GNIS identifier (#2395356) to Missouri Valley. This identifier also marks a GSP point on the map, and that point lies within the boundaries of Missouri Valley. The GNIS point has been mapped to the latitude/longitude:
Lat: 41.558325° (or 41°33'29" N) [Map]
The GSP location given for the 2010 Census lies 235.6 feet to the southwest<6> of the point given by the GNIS for Missouri Valley. For more information about this and the relationship of the various Federal Codes, please visit our Misc Page for Missouri Valley.
Miscellaneous Information for Missouri Valley ...
The Federal government has assigned various identifying codes to each community, county and state. At one time or another, the US Census Bureau has used one (or more) of the following identifiers when referring to either Harrison County or the city of Missouri Valley:
The GNIS Codes ...
The current system of identification is called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). The following GNIS codes relate to Missouri Valley:
GNIS ID for Missouri Valley: 2395356
The FIPS Codes ...
An earlier (and largely obsolete) identification method was called the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS):
State Code: 19 (Iowa)
County Code: 085 (Harrison County)
Place Code: 52860 (Missouri Valley)
Misc. Census Codes ...
Missouri Valley is located in Census Region #2 (the Midwest Region) and Division #4 (the West North-Central Division).
The US Postal Service ZIP Code ...
While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Missouri Valley, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Missouri Valley. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.
The ZIP code for Missouri Valley: 51555<7>
Census ZCTA Codes ...
The US Census Bureau created statistical entities that they call ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) and these ZCTAs are frequently confused with the ZIP codes that come from the US Postal Service (USPS).
ZCTAs were first created for the 2000 Census and at that time, they were based upon the USPS ZIP codes. While largely covering the same areas, the boundaries of a ZCTA do not necessarily match the boundaries of a postal ZIP code with the same number. For example, while a postal ZIP code can cross a county or state line, a Census ZCTA can not. They should be treated as separate entities with no correlation between them.
For more information about the various Federal identification codes, please visit our Misc Page for Missouri Valley.
Other Roadside Stops ...
Off-the-Road Links ...
The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau
Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Missouri Valley. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.
The official website for Harrison County: www.harrisoncountyia.org/
The official website for State of Iowa: https://www.iowa.gov/
The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Please keep in mind that we can not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of the information on this website, so use with care. We encourage you to double-check the information that is critical to you.
If you've found an error or have additional information that you would like to share, please don't hesitate to write. Click here to contact us.
This page was last modified: 27 Aug 2019