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Lookout Mountain, Georgia

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Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent numeric identifier has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Lookout Mountain: 2404955

GNIS ID for Walker County: 354216

GNIS ID for Georgia: 1705317

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Lookout Mountain:

Place (Community) Code:  47336
State Code:  13 (Georgia)
County Code:  295 (Walker County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  13/47336
State/County Code:  13/295

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code   translates to   GNIS Code
State of Georgia:    13   1705317
Walker County:    13/295   354216
Lookout Mountain:    13/47336   2404955

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Lookout Mountain, it is a point within Lookout Mountain that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Lookout Mountain, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   34° 57' 59"   (or 34.97°)

Lon:   -85° 21' 43"   (or -85.36°)   [Map]

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Lookout Mountain - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Lookout Mountain, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   34° 57' 59"   (or 34.97°)

Lon:   -85° 21' 43"   (or -85.36°)   [Map]

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 0.7 feet to the southwest<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   34° 58' 31"   (or 34.98°)

Lon:   -85° 21' 17"   (or -85.35°)   [Map]

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 3,919 feet to the northeast<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Lookout Mountain is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Lookout Mountain is located in Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Lookout Mountain is located in Region IV (Region 4).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Lookout Mountain is located in Region IV (Region 4).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Lookout Mountain, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Lookout Mountain. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Lookout Mountain: 30750<3>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #332265   (Name of Record: Lookout Mountain)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Walker

Map Name: Fort Oglethorpe

Lat: 34.9775758       Lon: -85.3577363   [Map]

Elev: 549 ft.


GNIS ID #2404955   (Name of Record: City of Lookout Mountain)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Walker

Map Name: Fort Oglethorpe

Lat: 34.9664127       Lon: -85.362193   [Map]

Elev: 500 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 13/47336   (Place Name: Lookout Mountain)

County: Walker     (FIPS State/County: 13/295)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Lookout Mountain) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Walker County).

GSA Code: 3243

MRF Code: 1647

MSA Code: 1560

Other Roadside Stops ...



The Communities of Georgia

About Walker County

About Georgia

Off-the-Road Links ...

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Lookout Mountain. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for Walker County: www.co.walker.ga.us/

The official website for State of Georgia: www.georgia.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)


Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 121 degrees and a distance of 0.7 feet.

- Return to Citation

<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 325 degrees and a distance of 3,919 feet.

- Return to Citation

<3>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Lookout Mountain or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).

- Return to Citation



 
 
 

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This page was last modified: 12 Nov 2018
By John Hall