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Miscellaneous Information


Various Identification Codes ...

GNIS Codes ...

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was created to address the problems caused by spelling and naming variations. The BGN will usually recognize an existing name or, when necessary, establish a name for a geographic feature (such as a mountain, lake, river, stream, city, town, village, dam, bridge, etc).

The BGN names are kept in a database called the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and it is the official Federal repository. The GNIS is operated and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A unique and permanent numeric code has been assigned for each name in the GNIS database. These names and identifiers are definitive and it is intended that they are to be used by all departments of the Federal Government:

GNIS ID for Fort Gaines: 2403639

GNIS ID for Clay County: 344805

GNIS ID for Georgia: 1705317

FIPS Codes ...

In a past effort, various federal agencies created a set of codes with a purpose similar to the GNIS codes. These codes are called the Federal Information Processing Standard (or the FIPS 55 codes). Although they are still used by some organizations, the FIPS codes are obsolete and will ultimately be replaced by the GNIS codes.

The following FIPS codes apply to Fort Gaines:

Place (Community) Code:  30816
State Code:  13 (Georgia)
County Code:  061 (Clay County)

Since the Place and County FIPS codes are not unique and can be repeated in other States, it's necessary to combine the State code with the Place and County FIPS codes to uniquely identify them - for example:

State/Place Code:  13/30816
State/County Code:  13/061

As already mentioned, the FIPS codes are to be replaced by the GNIS codes. The following reflect those changes:

 FIPS Code
translates to    
GNIS Code
State of Georgia:    13   1705317
Clay County:    13/061   344805
Fort Gaines:    13/30816   2403639

GPS Location - GNIS vs Census ...

An important aspect of the GNIS code is that it assigns a GPS location (the latitude/longitude) to the geographic feature. This location is simply a point on the map and does not represent the size or shape of the feature. In the case of Fort Gaines, it is a point within Fort Gaines that might be a post office, the city hall or simply an intersection - the point should really be considered arbitrary and only indicating a general location.

For Fort Gaines, the GNIS GPS location is given as:

Lat:   31° 37' 26"   (or 31.62°)

Lon:   -85° 3' 10"   (or -85.05°)  

Determined by its statistical needs, the Census Bureau has defined a sampling area for Fort Gaines - this area also contains a map point. As with the GNIS code, the location of the Census point should be considered as being arbitrary within the sampling area.

For Fort Gaines, the Census 2010 GPS location is given as:

Lat:   31° 37' 29"   (or 31.62°)

Lon:   -85° 3' 17"   (or -85.05°)  

The map point defined by the Census Bureau lies 634 feet to the northwest<1> of the point given by the GNIS (see above).

You might note that the GPS location given for the 2010 Census is different than the location that was specified by the 2000 Census:

Lat:   31° 36' 51"   (or 31.61°)

Lon:   -85° 2' 53"   (or -85.05°)  

The GPS location given for the 2000 Census lies 4,336 feet to the southeast<2> of the point given by the 2010 Census.

Regional Codes ...

For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau has divided the country into four Regions. Fort Gaines is located in Region #3 (the South Region).

In turn, the US Census Bureau has further divided each Region into Divisions. Fort Gaines is located in Division #5 (the South Atlantic Division).

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has created ten Federal Regions. Fort Gaines is located in Region IV (Region 4).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has created ten Management Regions. Fort Gaines is located in Region IV (Region 4).

ZIP Codes ...

While some people have used a ZIP code to identify a community, the purpose of the ZIP code was to make mail delivery more efficient by grouping addresses together. Although the ZIP Code doesn't specifically identify a city like Fort Gaines, it does identify addresses that are in (or near) Fort Gaines. It's important to remember that the boundaries of a ZIP Code are defined by the needs of the USPS and can be changed, re-assigned or overlapped with other ZIP Codes.

The ZIP code for Fort Gaines: 31751<3>

Referenced GNIS Records ...

GNIS ID #355877   (Name of Record: Fort Gaines)

Class: populated place

A place or area having clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent population (such as a city, settlement, town or village). The boundaries may or may not coincide with the perceived population.

A 'populated place' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'civil' record. The information contained in the 'populated place' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'civil' classes.

County: Clay

Map Name: Fort Gaines

Lat: 31.6090569       Lon: -85.0471505  

Elev: 68 ft.


GNIS ID #2403639   (Name of Record: City of Fort Gaines)

Class: civil

A political division formed for administrative purposes (such as a borough, county, incorporated place, parish, town or township).

A 'civil' record may have a corresponding 'census' or 'populated place' record. The information contained in the 'civil' record applies only to the class and should not be confused with either the 'census' and 'populated place' classes.

County: Clay

Map Name: Fort Gaines

Lat: 31.623948       Lon: -85.052995  

Elev: 35 ft.

Referenced FIPS Records ...

FIPS Code: 13/30816   (Place Name: Fort Gaines)

County: Clay     (FIPS State/County: 13/061)

Class: C1

Identifies an incorporated place (ie- Fort Gaines) that does not serve as a primary county division - or in other words, it is included in and is part of a primary county division (ie- Clay County).

GSA Code: 2200

MRF Code: 1120

Unfortunately, we don't know of a website for Fort Gaines. If you can help, please contact us through our Feedback Page.

The official website for State of Georgia: https://georgia.gov/


The official website of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The official website of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

The official website of the U.S. Census Bureau

The official website of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

The official website of the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Footnotes ...

<1>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the GNIS-supplied location is 62 degrees and a distance of 634 feet.
<2>The calculated bearing (or angle) to the 2000 Census location is 207 degrees and a distance of 4,336 feet.
<3>When looking for a ZIP Code, whether Fort Gaines or elsewhere, it's always best to check the website of the United States Postal Service (USPS).









 

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This page was last modified/updated: 07 Apr 2024